Shrubs

Alongside the following list of shrubs we also carry a range of conifers.
 
Abeliophyllum distichum Roseum Group 
An elegant slow growing shrub producing fragrant, almond-scented, white flowers with a tinge of pink on bare branches during February/March. Dark green oval leaves follow the flowering which turn purple during autumn. Although far superior it is sometimes known as the white Forsythia. Requires a sunny position in a decent soil. Hardy but some shelter may help safeguard its flower buds from nasty frosts. Can reach a height and spread of 2.5m
 
Acca sellowiana
A seldom seen evergreen shrub with grey-green leaves densely white-felted on the underside and during summer stunning flowers with four red petals, white on the outside. During long, warm summers it can produce edible, red-flushed green fruit. Needs a warm, sheltered, sunny spot in any light, well-drained soil. Hates heavy, wet soils and cold winds. Pretty tough at the root but top growth can be lost in cold winters. Height and spread 2m after several years. 
 
Alangium platanifolium var. macrophyllum
A seldom seen larger leafed Alangium with superb lobed foliage. Produces clusters of white flowers with yellow anthers during late spring or early summer. Excellent autumn colour with the foliage turning butter yellow before falling. Suited to a fertile, free draining soil in a position that gets good morning or afternoon sun. Can make a small tree with a height and spread of 3 to 5m after many years. Had no problems with hardiness at Jersey Cottage. 
 
Anisodontea capensis (Large magenta form) 
A colourful evergreen with fresh green foliage which flowers continuously from late spring, through summer and into autumn with large, hibiscus-like, magenta blooms. Can be tried outside in a mild, sunny, sheltered position but probably best in a pot and protected over winter in a cool glasshouse. Dislikes cold winds and poor drainage. Benefits from plenty of water and the occasional feed when in growth. Reaches an approx height and spread of 70cm.
 
Arbutus unedo (AGM-H4)
Large, evergreen shrub/small tree of bushy habit, with rough brown bark and dark green leathery leaves, overall an absolute belter of a plant! The 'Strawberry tree' produces white flowers in summer/autumn and since the fruits take 12 months to ripen, the tree bears both mature fruits and flowers at the same time, making it incredibly beautiful. Likes a sunny spot in humous rich soil that has good drainage. Height and spread 4 to 6m.

Arbutus unedo 'Compacta' 
A lovely, evergreen shrub with rough brown bark and dark green leathery leaves. Also known as the small 'Strawberry tree' producing pinky white flowers during late summer followed by strawberry like fruits which can take 12 months to ripen, hence it bears both mature fruits and flowers at the same time. Likes a sunny, warm spot, sheltered from cold winds in a decent well drained soil. Dwarf form with a height and spread 1 to 1.5m. Hardy enough given shelter.
 
Arbutus unedo f.rubra (AGM-H4)
Large, evergreen shrub/small tree of bushy habit, with rough brown bark and dark green leathery leaves, overall an absolute belter of a plant! The 'Strawberry tree' produces rosey pink flowers in summer/autumn and since the fruits take 12 months to ripen, the tree bears both mature fruits and flowers at the same time, making it incredibly beautiful. Likes a sunny spot in humous rich soil that has good drainage. Height and spread 4 to 6m.
 
Argyrocytisus battandieri (AGM-H4)
A superb evergreen shrub or small tree with lovely, grey green foliage that has a silky texture. Upright cones of golden coloured flowers are produced in summer, which smell of pineapple! Requires a sunny position in a decent but well drained soil out of cold winds. The RHS have given it a fully hardy AGM but it does especially well if planted against a warm, sunny wall. Can reach 4m in height and spread. Formerly known as Cytisus battandieri.

Argyrocytisus battandieri 'Yellow Tail' (AGM-H4)
A select cultivar of a medium-sized deciduous shrub of rounded habit, with leaves composed of three elliptic leaflets, silky when young and during late summer, light yellow, pineapple scented flowers in long, erect racemes. Requires a sunny position in a decent but well drained soil. Will be at its best if given a warm spot against a brick wall or similar and sheltered from cold winds. Height and spread can vary but around 2.5 to 3.5m. Tough given correct conditions.
 
Aronia arbutifolia 'Erecta'
A compact, erect-branched shrub with dark green leaves that turn stunning shades of red, orange and yellow before falling in autumn. White flowers are held over the glossy foliage during late spring, followed by attractive red berries. Not fussy about soil types but needs some moisture in a sunny or partly shaded position. Can reach a height of 2.5m with a spread of approx 1m. A very hardy shrub with an upright habit and cracking autumn colour.
 
Aronia melanocarpa
Also known as the black chokeberry this is a very tough, bushy, deciduous shrub with dark green, glossy leaves that turn a magnificent bright red in autumn. In late spring to early summer, it bears clusters of small white flowers, followed by shiny black berries in autumn. Virtually 'bomb proof' it will grow in a wide range of soils but is best grown in a sunny spot as shade will produce a 'leggy' appearance. Will reach a height of 3m with a spread of 2m
 
Artemisia - Stock varies around the following;
 
Artemisia 'Powis Castle' (AGM-H3/4)
Artemisia lactiflora Guizhou Group 
Artemesia ludoviciana 'Valerie Finnis' (AGM-H7)

Aucuba - Stock varies around the following;
 
Aucuba japonica 'Crotonifolia' (AGM-H5)
Aucuba japonica 'Goldstrike' 
Aucuba japonica 'Picturata' 
Aucuba japonica 'Rozannie' (AGM-H5) 
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
 
Azara serrata (AGM-H3/4)
A handsome evergreen shrub with glossy, oval, serrate leaves and dense clusters of fragrant, deep yellow flowers in summer, occasionally followed by white berries. Favours a sheltered position in sun or partial shade with a deep, humus-rich, well drained soil. Fairly tough but not totally hardy so avoid winter cold spots and ensure adequate drainage. Planting adjacent to a brick wall or similar would be of benefit. Reaches a height and spread of 3 to 4m.
 

Begonia luxurians (AGM-H1) 

A most splendid, unusual and very rare Begonia grown for its fantastic fans of dark green leaves. Produces plumes of small but attractive creamy white flowers. Fairly exacting as it must have protection from wind, a warm site and dappled shade out of direct sun. Suited to growing in a pot, benefiting from liquid fertilzer when in active growth, keeping just moist. Frost protection in winter is a must, above 6C is advisable, keeping only just damp. Can reach a height of 2.0m.

 
Berberis - We generally have a range of various species and cultivars.
 
Brachyglottis Dunedin Group 'Sunshine' (AGM-H4)
A good evergreen shrub with soft, silver grey leaves . Masses of bright yellow daisy-like flowers are produced on felted shoots from June to July. Requires a well drained spot in as much sun as possible. Copes well with an exposed windy site with its only downfall being poorly drained soils through winter. An occasional trim will encourage new growth and promote a bushy habit. Can reach a height and spread of 1 to 1.45m. A lovely hardy plant.

Brachyglottis 'Walberton's Silver Dormouse' 
A compact, dense, spreading, evergreen shrub with oval, felted, silvery-grey to grey-green leaves and loose clusters of bright yellow flowers from summer into autumn. Requires a well drained spot in as much sun as possible. Copes well with a windy site with its only downfall being poorly drained soils through winter. Reaches around 60cm in height with a spread of 90cm. We have found that it stays nice and compact given a dry, exposed South Westerly position
.
 
Buddleja alternifolia (AGM-H5)
A strong, deciduous shrub with arching branches bearing narrow, grey-green leaves and during summer sweetly scented, lilac-purple flowers, borne in clusters along the previous year's shoots. Big favourite with the bees and butterflies. Performs at its best when given a sunny spot in any well drained soil. Reaches a height and spread of around 2.5m. Can be pruned by cutting back flowered growth to lower, strong new shoots immediately after flowering. Hardy.
 
Buddleja colvilei 'Kewensis'
An unusual Buddleja with silvery green, semi-evergreen foliage and during late spring and early summer lovely, pendent panicles of large, pinky red flowers. Likes a sunny spot in any decent,well drained soil. Has survived -15C at Jersey Cottage with top growth damage, recovering well the following summer. Gets stronger with age but will perform much better in a warm, sheltered position. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 2 to 3m.
 
Buddleja davidii 'Black Knight' (AGM-H5)
A vigorous, large, deciduous shrub with somewhat arching growth supporting lance-shaped leaves, whitish beneath. Scented, deep purple flowers, in elongated panicles are produced at the tips of the current year's growth. Performs best when grown in a sunny, well-drained situation. Adored by butterflies. Height and spread around 3m but best to prune back hard 
in March, removing all of the previous year's growth to three or four buds. Hardy and reliable.
 
Buddleja globosa (AGM-H4)
A striking shrub, which is normally deciduous, but semi-evergreen in warm positions. Globosa has a graceful habit with tall slender stems bearing long handsome leaves, richly textured and covered beneath with soft brown 'wool'. The flower heads, golden orange and fragrant, resemble perfect pompon dahlias, and appear in huge numbers. Likes a warm site with sun/dappled shade in most moist, well drained soils. A hardy plant with a height/spread of 5m.
 
Buddleja loricata
An evergreen Buddleja with architectural, narrow, green crinkly leaves with white undersides creating a silvery effect. Throughout late summer it bears sweetly scented creamy white flowers, resembling nuggets of popcorn! Needs a sunny spot in any well drained soil. Liked by the bees and butterflies. A compact Buddleja reaching a height and spread of approx 2m. Pretty tough if given really good drainage. Can be lightly pruned after flowering if necessary.
 
Buddleja 'Morning Mist'
A classy, semi-evergreen shrub with arching branches covered with stunning, lance shaped, silver-grey leaves and during summer and autumn dense panicles of highly fragrant white flowers. A big favourite with the bees and butterflies. Likes a sunny or very lightly shaded spot in any fertile, well drained soil. A compact Buddleja reaching a height and spread of between 1 and 2m. A tough plant as long as wet winter conditions can be avoided.
 
Buddleja 'Pink Delight' (AGM-H5)
A medium-sized deciduous shrub with narrow leaves whitish beneath, and during summer and possibly into autumn slender panicles of large, pink flowers at each tip of the current year's growth. Big favourite with the bees and butterflies. Performs at its best when given a sunny spot in any well drained soil but tolerates part shade. Height and spread of around 2.5m. To 
keep a good shape and encourage flowering prune back to strong buds in early spring. Hardy.
 
Caesalpinia gilliesii
A small tender shrub with attractive foliage. Produces stunning exotic flowers with bright yellow petals and immense scarlet stamens, a bit like a snap dragon on steriods. Suited to growing in a pot in full sun and overwintered in a frost free bright place. When potting use approx 40% loam based J.I no.3, 20% peat and 40% grit and allow to dry before each watering. May reach 2m but can be clipped in autumn as flowers are produced on new wood.
 
Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii 'Profusion'(AGM-H4)
One of the best shrubs for berries. In midsummer, hundreds of tiny pink flower clusters line the arching, scattered stems and by early autumn stunning small violet berries replace the flowers. The foliage turns green with blushes of pink or burgundy before dropping and better revealing the pretty fruits. Grow in full sun to dappled shade in a humous rich soil. Prune in late winter as fruiting occurs on new wood. Height and spread approx 2m.
  
Callicarpa kwangtungensis
An extremely attractive and rare shrub with superb leaf colouring, especially in spring and autumn. Clusters of pale pinky white flowers are produced in summer which form into pink berries during late summer/autumn. Suited to a sunny or parly shaded spot in a fertile, moist but well drained soil. Growth may be cut back to ground level but root hardy to approx -15C if sited correctly, avoiding soggy winter positions. Height and spread 1.5m.
 
Callistemon pallidus
A splendid evergreen shrub with pale yellow 'bottlebrush' flowers in spring/summer. Not totally hardy but given the right situation callistemons should put up with our climate. Ideally grown in a well drained neutral to acid soil in full sun. Provide some shelter from cold drying winds. Although a fairly compact plant it may benefit from a light prune after flowering to avoid a leggy sprawling appearence. Height & spread between 2 and 3m.
 
Callistemon rigidus 
A lovely evergreen shrub. Seed grown from a fine Cornish form showing better foliage than the true species. Dark red 'bottlebrush' type flowers are produced in abundance after about three years. Requires full sun in a moist soil that drains well and avoids winter wet. Not bone hardy so a warm, sheltered position is advisable, although this Cornish clone appears slightly tougher. Easily grown in a pot and given winter protection. Height and spread approx 2m.
 
Callistemon salignus (AGM-H3) - Not available 2017
A splendid evergreen shrub with attractive purplish pink new growth followed by pale yellow 'bottlebrush' flowers in spring/summer. Ideally grown in a decent, very well drained neutral to acid soil in a sunny, warm position with shelter from cold drying winds. May benefit from a light prune after flowering to keep a good shape. Height upto 3m with a spread of 2m. One of the hardier bottlebrushes that should do ok in our climate if given optimum conditions.
 
Callistemon viridiflorus - Not available 2017
A splendid evergreen shrub. A smaller callistemon with a dense habit and an abundance of deep green leaves. Pale yellow/green coloured 'bottlebrush' flowers in spring/summer. One of the hardiest bottlebrushes that seems to do well in our climate. Ideally grown in a moist (avoid winter wet) reasonable soil that provides drainage, in full sun. Very wind tolerant but avoid cold easterly exposure. Height upto 1.5m with a similar spread.
 
Calycanthus floridus
A very attractive deciduous shrub with lustrous, dark green leaves and during summer masses of wonderful, maroon coloured flowers which have a fragrance similar to ripe apples. Good foliage colour in a crisp autumn when the leaves turn shades of yellow before falling. Likes a position in full sun or part shade in a moist but well drained soil. Does not like dry positions. A large shrub that can reach a height and spread of approx 3m. Hardy and seldom seen. 

 
Calycanthus occidentalis - Not available 2017
A very attractive shrub with rough-textured, dark green, ovate leaves and solitary, deep red, scented flowers that look like miniature water lily blooms during early summer. Good autumn foliage colour as the leaves turn yellow before falling. Likes a position in full sun or part shade in a moist but well drained soil. Does not like to get too dry during summer. A large shrub that can reach a height and spread of approx 3 to 4m. Hardy and seldom seen.
 
Carpenteria californica (AGM-H3)
The 'Tree Anemone' is a very rare, bushy, evergreen shrub with attractive, narrow, shiny green leaves. During summer lovely, pure white flowers are produced with conspicuous yellow stamens. Has to have a decent, well drained soil and a sheltered, warm spot against a wall or similar if grown outside or pot grow and keep in a cool glasshouse overwinter. Can reach a height of between 1.5 and 2m but usually less if pot grown. A stunning plant when in flower.

Carpenteria californica 'Bodnant'
An exceptional cultivar of the rare 'Tree Anemone' forming a bushy, evergreen shrub with attractive, narrow, shiny green leaves. During summer lovely, pure white large flowers are produced in quantity each with conspicuous yellow stamens. Best in a decent, well drained soil in a warm and sheltered spot. RHS have given it a hardiness rating of H5 (Hardy in a 
cold winter) but still needs a warm spot to get the results. Height and spread approx 1.5m.
 
Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Grand Bleu' 
A woody perennial forming a uniform, rounded mound of glossy, deep green foliage that is topped by deep, intense blue-purple flowers from midsummer until the first frosts. Likes a sunny spot in any decent, well drained soil. Tolerant of heat but detests excessive moisture especially over winter. A compact cultivar with a smaller, more manageable habit reaching a height and spread of around 0.8m. Can be pruned hard in early spring if required. Hardy.
 
Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Summer Sorbet' (AGM-H3/4)
A vibrant, mound forming, small, deciduous shrub that has striking gold and green variegated leaves with the stems being topped with fluffy clusters of warm blue flowers in late summer. Requires a sunny, sheltered site in a decent soil that drains well so as to avoid winter wet. Reaches a height of between 0.7 and 1m with a similar spread. Pretty tough if cold spots and winter wet can be avoided. Looks great when many other plants have finished flowering.
 
Ceanothus - Stock varies around the following;

Ceanothus arboreus 'Trewithen Blue' (AGM-H4)
Ceanothus 'Puget Blue' (AGM-H4) 
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens  (AGM-H4) 

 
Cephalanthus occidentalis - Not available 2017
A rarely seen, deciduous shrub also known as the 'Button Bush' with bright green leaves and during late summer, masses of creamy-white, globular flower heads which look very similar to large buttons! The flowers have a faint, sweet scent and are very popular with insects, in particular honey bees. Likes a sunny spot in any decent moist soil. A slow grower reaching an approxiamate height of 2m with a slightly larger spread after many yrs. Hardy.
 
Cestrum 'Newellii' (AGM-H3)
A vigorous evergreen shrub with downy, dark green leaves, slightly red tinged, on arching branches. Produces dense clusters of crimson flowers at the tips of the branches during spring and autumn and sporadically throughout the year, which are followed by red berries. Survived outdoors in milder winters but probably best grown in a pot and protected. Height and spread of 2m. May be restrictively pruned. Keep fed and watered when in growth.

Chaenomeles (Japanese Quince) - Stock varies around the following;
 
Chaenomeles speciosa 'Kinshiden' 
Chaenomeles speciosa 'Moerloosei' (AGM-H6)
Chaenomeles x superba 'Cameo'
Chaenomeles x superba 'Crimson and Gold' (AGM-H6)
Chaenomeles x superba 'Nicoline' (AGM-H6)
Chaenomeles x superba 'Pink Lady' (AGM-H6)  

 
Chimonanthus praecox
A fantastic shrub for winter flowers with mature plants producing sweetly scented, creamy yellow flowers in late winter, before the glossy green leaves appear. The scent is exquisite and the dried flowers are often used in home made pot-pouri! Likes a fertile, well drained soil in sun or light shade. Flowers better if planted in a warm area, sheltered from strong winds and ideally in a spot where the scent can be appreciated. Reaches a height/spread of 3m. Hardy.
 
Chionanthus virginicus
A robust and beautiful member of the olive family with excellent, bold, dark green foliage and delicately fragrant, white flower panicles up to 20cm long in May or June followed by dark oval fruit in autumn. Can show good autumn colours. Likes a fertile, well drained soil in a spot that gets really good sun as this will encourage more flowers. Creates a large shrub with a height and spread of approx 3m after 10 to15 years. A stunning hardy shrub.
 
Choisya x dewitteana 'Goldfingers'
An elegant, bushy, rounded evergreen shrub with narrowly elliptic, bright yellow leaves given full sun but greener in a shadier spot and orange-scented white flowers in late spring and early summer. Best given a sunny, sheltered position in any decent well drained soil, avoiding spots subject to excessive winter wet. No need to prune as growth is generally dense and rounded. Height and spread can vary with situation but generally around 1 to 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Choisya x dewitteana 'White Dazzler'
A very elegant, small, evergreen shrub with finely cut, neat, dense aromatic foliage. Almond scented, white flowers are produced in great profusion during May and again in late summer. Suited to a decent well drained soil in full sun. No pruning required as the growth is dense, tidy and rounded, reaching a height and spread of approxiamately 1.5m. A lovely hardy plant arising from a cross between C.dumosa and C.'Astec Pearl'.
 
Choisya ternata Sundance (AGM-H3)
A very colourful low maintenance evergreen shrub. Thanks to its bright yellow foliage, this choisya cultivar really stands out in the garden. Sporaadic in flowering, only occasionally producing a show of fragrant white flowers in early summer. For best results grow in a decent, well drained soil in full sun to part shade. Pretty hardy as it handled the 2010/2011 winter at home, although expect minor leaf damage. Height/spread approx 1.5m.
 
Cistus x dansereaui 'Decumbens' (AGM-H4)
A small, low-growing evergreen shrub of spreading habit with narrow, somewhat sticky foliage and during summer and possibly into autumn, large, white flowers with a crimson blotch at the base of each petal. Will grow well in moderately fertile to poor well drained soils, but requires full sun and shelter from cold easterly winds. Drought tolerant and excellent for dry slopes. Reaches a height of 40 to 60cm with a spread of around 1m. Tough given suitable conditions.  
 
Clematis heracleifolia
This rare and robust Clematis is a shrub and not the normal climber. Forms a large clump of superb foliage and produces a wonderful display of rich blue, flaring tubular flowers,
with a velvety throat. Sweetly scented, the blooms are clustered near the tips of the upright branches. It blooms in late summer and likes a rich, well drained soil in part shade. Very hardy and usually deciduous. Will form a clump with a height and width of 1m.
 
Clematis tubulosa
This rare and robust Clematis is a shrub and not the normal climber. Forms a large clump of superb foliage and produces a wonderful display of blue, flaring, tubular flowers with a velvety throat. Sweetly scented, the blooms are clustered near the tips of the upright branches. It blooms in late summer and likes a rich, well drained soil with its leaves in sun and its roots in the shade. Very hardy and usually deciduous. Height and spread of 1m.
 
Clerodendrum trichotomum 'Carnival' 
A fascinating, deciduous, usually multi-stemmed large shrub or small tree with elegant heart shaped grey green leaves, each marked with a yellow margin. Produces lovely white, scented flowers during summer which develop into bright blue berries. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent soil that provides moisture during the growing season. In time it can reach a height of approxiamately 3m with a spread of 2m. Hardy and not often seen.
 
Clethra alnifolia  - Not available 2017
A handsome hardy shrub which can be slow growing at first, later developing suckers to give the plant a lovely width. In late summer white flowers in long spikes are borne, which although small, are numerous with the added bonus of bright yellow foliage in autumn. Prefers an acidic/neutral soil with added organic matter, in partial/dappled shade. Will reach a height and spread of about 2m but width can be checked by removing suckers.
 
Clethra delavayi - Not available 2017
A seldom seen, handsome, erect shrub with arching branches clothed in lance-shaped, rich, blue-green leaves and during summer panicles of pure white 'Lily of the Valley' type flowers which can reach 20cm in length. Requires a sheltered site in a position that avoids any hot sun. Likes a decent neutral to acidic soil, resenting overly alkaline conditions. Height and spread may vary but generally reaches between 2 and 3m. Hardy to around -10 to -15C. 
 
Clianthus puniceus (AGM-H3) 
The 'lobster claw' is a scrambling evergreen shrub with dark green pinnate leaves and during summer pendulous clusters of 'claw shaped', vivid red flowers. Not reliably hardy but can be grown in a  warm, sunny, sheltered position in mild areas or pot grow and protect in a cool greenhouse or conservatory over winter. Either way likes a decent, well drained soil. Reaches an approx height of 1 to 1.5m if pot grown but easily trimmed after flowering if required.
 
Clianthus puniceus 'Albus' (AGM-H3) - Not available 2017
The 'lobster claw' is a stunning evergreen shrub with dark green pinnate leaves and during late spring gorgeous clusters of 'claw shaped', white flowers. Not reliably hardy in cold winters but can be grown in a  warm, sunny, sheltered position in mild areas or pot grow and protect in a cool greenhouse or conservatory over winter. Either way likes a decent, well drained soil. Height of around 1m if pot grown but prune after flowering if required.
 
Colquhounia coccinea
A rarely seen, showy shrub native to the grassland of the Himalayas and W.China known for its soft, downy grey-green leaves with a whitish underside and vivid whorls of orange-scarlet flowers in summer. These flowers are particularly eye-catching against the near silvery leaves. Best given a fertile, well drained soil in a sheltered, sunny spot against a wall. Top growth can be lost in bad winters, regrowing the following year. Approxiamate height and spread of 2m. 
 
Cordyline australis (AGM-H3)
A very architectural plant with long slender green leaves sprouting from the top of a slowly formed trunk. Mature plants produce large sprays of small, scented white flowers during summer. Requires a well drained average soil in sun and protection from cold winds. Suffered during 2010/11 winter losing all top growth, with some re-shooting from the ground in spring. OK in pots, while young, overwintered in a cold glasshouse. Height 6m+ given many years.

 

Cordyline australis ‘Charlie Boy'

A brilliantly coloured palm with stunning variegated foliage sporting a central burgundy stripe with outer pink margins. Found by a nurseryman in the late 1990's and with much effort and persistence and after extensive trialling has been brought to both the UK and worldwide market. Prefers a sunny spot but will tolerate light shade in most soils as long as they are well drained. Given adequate drainage it has tolerated temperatures as low as -9C with only slight foliage damage. Has a very vigorous root system and makes up quickly into a stunning plant with a more stable trunk. Many other Pink varieties have come from micropropagation sports but Charlie Boy was found as a true seedling within a green batch of Palms. Charlie Boy is named after the nurserymans late father Charles George Richards of Newlyn , who became known by friends and family as ‘Charlie Boy’. Even when retired his close family still refered to him as "Boy".

 
Cordyline indivisa - Not available for 2017
A rare, attractive and very architectural species with broad, blue-grey leaves each sporting a central orange-red vein. Produces dense clusters of cream flowers on stout flowering stems when mature. A tricky plant which can be very difficult to establish requiring a moist but well drained soil in a sheltered position that gets shade through the afternoon. Can reach a height of several metres. Hardy to around -10C but can be tried in a pot and given winter protection.
 
Coriaria japonica
A rare and delightful deciduous shrub with sizeable, arching leaves that are tinted with red which becomes more apparent in the Autumn. Bears small, red tipped flowers during spring followed by succulent red fruits in summer and autumn. Any type of well drained soil in sun to part shade, avoiding very rich soils. Best to avoid windy positions where the foliage can be damaged. Can reach a height and spread of 1.5m. A hardy plant not often seen for sale.

Cornus (For 'Flowering Dogwoods' see tree section.)
 
Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'
A deciduous shrub with outstanding winter stem colouring. In spring lush green leaves cover the upright stems, followed by small white blooms in summer. During autumn the leaves flush stunning tones of reddish-purple before falling to reveal the white berries and vivid, deep, dark red stems. Prefers a moist but well drained soil in sun. To maintain good stem colour cut all the oldest stems back hard in late winter. Height and spread of approx 2.5m. Hardy.
 
Cornus mas 'Variegata' (AGM-H6)
The variegated form of the 'Cornelian Cherry' forming a medium-sized deciduous shrub with ovate leaves boldly margin with white and during late winter many clusters of small, yellow flowers on bare stems, followed by glossy red fruits over summer. Easily grown in any well drained soil in a spot that gets good sun. Height and spread can vary depending on location but somewhere around 2m. Light prune after flowering if required. Very hardy. 
 
Cornus mas 'Xanthocarpa'
The 'Cornelian Cherry' is a strong deciduous shrub with very attractive, fresh green, oval foliage which turns shades of purple before falling in autumn. Masses of bright yellow flowers open on bare branches in late winter followed by yellow instead of the normal red berries. Easily grown in any well drained soil in a spot that gets good sun. Height and spread can vary
depending on location but somewhere around 3m. Light prune after flowering if required. Hardy 
 
Cornus officinalis
A vigorous, spreading, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub or small tree producing numerous clusters of yellow flowers on bare branches during late winter before the dark green spring foliage appears. Flowers are followed in autumn by oblong red fruits. Attractive, exfoliating brown bark on older specimens. Likes an organically rich, moist but well-drained soil in full 
sun to part shade. Reaches around 3 to 4m in height and spread after several years. Hardy.

Cornus sanguinea 'Magic Flame' (AGM-H6)
An upright, deciduous shrub with large, ovate, mid-green leaves turning bright red in autumn before falling to reveal bright orange, red, and yellow winter stems. Flat, dense clusters of white flowers in summer are followed by blue-black fruit. Grows in a range of soils from well drained to poorly drained in sun or partial shade. Height and spread 2m but best pruned hard in late winter to produce vigorous colourful young shoots and help keep it compact. Hardy.

 
Cornus sanguinea 'Midwinter Fire'
The green leaves of this upright, deciduous shrub turn bright shades of orange-yellow in autumn, before they fall to reveal spectacular orange, red and yellow bare stems. Produces insignificant white summer flowers followed by black fruits in autumn. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot in most well drained garden soils. To maintain good stem colour cut all the oldest stems back hard in late winter. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 2.5m. Hardy.
 
Corokia × virgata 'Frosted Chocolate'
A colourful evergreen shrub with leathery, bronzed, ovate leaves that turn chocolate brown with a silvery sheen over winter. Small star shaped yellow flowers in spring. Needs to have a warm, sunny, shelterd site in any well drained soil as hardiness cannot be guaranteed. A good plant for a pot and protected on the dry side over winter. Easily pruned to restrict size or enhance shape. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m but generally less in a pot.
 
Coronilla valentina subsp. glauca 'Citrina' (AGM-H3)
A small evergreen shrub with lovely blue-grey, pinnate leaves and heads of small, fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers in late winter/early spring and possibly again in late summer. The show of flowers are a real bonus at a time of year when little else is at its best. Will grow happily in a range of sunny, warm,sheltered positions. Not totally hardy but fairly tough if in a well drained soil avoiding cold,exposed positions. Reaches a height and spread of 1 to 1.5m.
 
Coronilla valentina subsp. glauca 'Variegata' 
A compact, rounded, evergreen shrub with very attractive, pinnate, blue-green and cream variegated leaves and fragrant, yellow flowers in late winter and early spring, and possibly again in late summer. The show of flowers are a real bonus at a time of year when little else is at its best. Will grow happily in a sunny, warm, sheltered position. Not bone hardy but fairly tough if planted in a well drained soil avoiding cold, exposed positions. Height and spread of 1m.  
 
Corylopsis spicata
The 'Spike Witch Hazel', a lovely early spring flowering hazel like shrub producing racemes of pendulous, sweetly scented, yellow flowers on bare branches before the attractive dark green foliage appears. Suited to a sheltered, sunny spot in any decent, fertile but well drained soil. Avoid strong exposure especially to cold, early spring winds. Height ans spread may vary depending on situation but generally around 2m. Hardy but appreciates shelter. 
 
Corylus avellana 'Red Majestic'  
An extremely attractive new introduction to the United Kingdom, 'Red Majestic' is a contorted hazel with beautiful, deep purple leaves in spring and summer. The twigs and branches have the same intricately contorted appearence and masses of small, pinky purple catkins appear in late winter or early spring. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in any fertile soil. Reaches an approx height and spread of 3m after many years. Hardy. Superb all year round interest.
 
Corylus maxima 'Purpurea' (AGM-H4) 
'Purpurea' is a magnificent, large, deciduous shrub with broad, deep purple leaves to 12cm in length. Pendulous, pale yellow catkins are produced on leafless twigs during late winter and on mature plants they are followed by edible (hazel) nuts, concealed by a tubular husk. Prefers a moist, free-draining, ideally alkaline soil in full sun or partial shade. Ultiamte size can vary depending on location but generally reaches a height of 6 to 8m with a spread of 3m. Hardy.
 
Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' (AGM-H4)
A real impact shrub with lovely vibrant purple leaves that turn stunning shades of orange pink before falling in autumn. During summer feathery panicles of flowers cover the shrub, forming a soft haze. As the flowers fade they turn silver-white which is where the name "smoke bush" comes from, the flowers literally look like puffs of smoke! Requires a sunny position where it can reach 5m in height and spread but can be easily pruned if required.
 
Cotinus coggygria 'Young Lady'
A really attractive shrub with lovely green leaves that take on orange tints before falling in autumn. During summer feathery panicles of pale pink flowers cover the shrub, forming a soft haze. As the flowers fade they turn silver-white which is where the name "smoke bush" comes from, the flowers literally look like puffs of smoke! Requires a sunny, moist but well drained position. A smaller smoke bush reaching only 1.8m in height and spread. Hardy.
 
Cotinus 'Dusky Maiden'
A particularly choice cultivar of the 'Smoke Bush' with lovely, oval, wavy-margined, purple-red leaves which turn bright orange and red in autumn before falling. During summer panicles of pink flowers hover over the foliage forming a soft haze. As they fade they turn a lighter colour and look like puffs of smoke. Requires a sunny, moist but well drained position. Height and spread approx 2m. A recent hybrid between C.szechuanensis and C,'Velvet Cloak' Hardy.
 
Cotoneaster × suecicus 'Juliette' 
An attractive, dense, rounded, evergreen to semi-evergreen shrub with small, cream and grey-green variegated leaves, flushed pink in autumn. Produces white flowers in late spring or early summer followed by bright orange-red fruit in autumn. Tolerates some shade but prefers a sunny spot in any decent well drained soil. A slow grower that can reach a height of 1m with a 2m spread after many years. Hardy but dislikes exposure to cold drying winds.
 
Crinodendron hookerianum (AGM-H4)
A dense, medium-sized evergreen shrub with rigid, narrow, dark green leaves and stunning, fleshy, lantern-shaped, crimson flowers from late spring to late summer. Best suited to a sunny lightly shaded spot in a well drained acidic to neutral soil. Needs a sheltered, warm position as hardiness cannot be guaranteed. With shelter and drainage it should tolerate between -10C and -15C. May reach upto 3m in height/spread. Spectacular when in flower.
 
Crinodendron hookerianum 'Ada Hoffmann' - Not available 2017
A new selection of this lovely evergreen plant which is very similar to the species except that it has masses of delicate, pale pink flowers in early summer, instead of red. Best suited to a sunny position in a well drained acidic/neutral soil. Needs a sheltered, warm position as hardiness cannot be guaranteed. With shelter and good drainage it should tolerate somewhere between -10C and -15C. May reach upto 3m in height/spread. Spectacular when in flower.
 
Crinodendron patagua - Not available 2017
A large evergreen shrub with glossy, dark green, ovate leaves and beautiful fragrant, bell shaped white flowers with fringed petals in late summer. Best suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in a well drained ac dic/neutral soil. Needs a sheltered, warm position out of cold winds, as hardiness cannot be guaranteed. Damaged by but survived 2010/11 winter at Jersey Cottage. Can reach a height and spread of approx 3m. Stunning when in flower.
 
Daphne odora
A lovely, rounded, evergreen shrub with leathery, glossy, deep green leaves and very fragrant, deep purple-pink and white flowers from mid winter to spring, followed by red fruit. Plants enjoy a sunny or partially shaded spot in well drained, lime free soil. Works well adjacent to paths where the flowers and fragrance can be appreciated. A slow grower with a 1.5m height and spread. Not bone hardy so a warm, sheltered position is advisable.
 
Daphne odora 'Aureomarginata' 
A compact, evergreen shrub with leathery dark green leaves narrowly edged with yellow, and clusters of fragrant purplish-pink flowers, white within, during early spring. Grow in fertile well-drained soils in a sheltered position in full sun or partial shade. Not reliably hardy in exposed conditions. Resents transplanting. Works well adjacent to paths where the flowers and fragrance can be appreciated. Height and spread 1.5m. Tough if given good conditions. 

Daphne odora 'Rebecca' 
A rounded, evergreen shrub bearing leathery, glossy, dark green leaves with wide, yellow margins and rounded clusters of rose-pink buds opening to fragrant, tubular, pale pink flowers in early spring. Grow in fertile, well-drained soils in a sheltered position in full sun or partial shade. Not reliably hardy in exposed conditions. Resents transplanting. Worth finding a spot
where the fragrance can be appreciated. Height and spread 1.5m. Tough given good conditions. 
 
Daphniphyllum macropodum
A seldom seen architectural gem producing a dense, rounded, evergreen shrub with narrowly oval, leathery, dark green leaves borne on reddish stalks. Produces small, fairly insignifiant flowers in spring that can be followed by dark, autumn fruit. Suited to a cool, moist soil with plenty of humous. Tolerates sun but best in light, dappled shade where the glossy foliage will be at its best. Pretty tough if given good conditions. Can reach several metres in time.
 
Decaisnea fargesii 
An unusual, hardy shrub with racemes of clematis like, trailing yellow/green flowers in late spring upto 40cm lg in length, along with large dark green leaves which can reach 80cm on established specimens.The pretty flowers are followed by gigantic and very ornamental, metallic-blue bean pods in autumn. An eye-catching, fruiting shrub with an exotic look! Likes a sunny spot in a moist, fertile soil. Can reach 4m in height with a spread of 3m.
 
Desmodium elegans (AGM-H4)
This very pretty shrub has vertical stems and pendulous leaves on ruddy brown stalks. The leaflets are diamond-shaped, quite broad, and downy on their underside. Pretty, whorled, pea like, pinky-red flowers appear in late August and September, especially if the summer has been a hot one. Requires a well drained decent soil in full sun. A hardy deciduous shrub upto 1.5m in height with a relaxed habit that makes it suitable for training up a warm wall.
 
Deutzia compacta 'Lavender Time' 
A colourful deciduous shrub with fresh green, lance-shaped leaves and during early summer many clusters of small, cup-like flowers that begin a lilac colour and fade to pale pink. Easily grown in a spot that gets some good sun in any garden soil that doesn't waterlog over winter. Copes well with dry periods once established. A nice and compact Deutzia with a height and 
spread of around 1m. Can be pruned after flowering to help keep a good shape, Very hardy. 
 
Deutzia crenata 'Pride of Rochester' (AGM-H5)
A reliable and colourful shrub with with arching stems lined with tapered, oval-shaped leaves held in opposite pairs. During late spring and into early summer, loose clusters of pink buds open to fragrant, double, white, star-shaped flowers edged in pink. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any well drained, fertile soil. After flowering a trim back to a lower, strong bud will help maintain vigour and keep a good shape. Height and spread of around 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Deutzia x elegantissima 'Rosealind' (AGM-H5)
A reliable and very colourful shrub with with arching stems lined with dark green, oval foliage and during late spring and into early summer, many clusters of very attractive, large, rosy pink flowers. Easily grown requiring a sunny or partly shaded spot in any half decent, well drained soil. Can be trimmed back after flowering to a lower, stronger bud which will help 
maintain vigour and keep a good shape. Compact with a height and spread of around 1m. Hardy.

Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko' (AGM-H5) 
A compact and low-growing shrub with narrowly lance-shaped leaves, turning deep purple in autumn, and racemes of very attractive, small white flowers in spring and early summer. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot in any well drained, fertile soil. Reaches a height of around 60cm with a spread of 1 to 1.5m making it an excellent plant for ground cover. Can be pruned back after flowering to lower, stronger side shoots if necessary. Hardy.
 
Deutzia x hybrida 'Strawberry Fields' (AGM-H4)
This hardy, deciduous shrub lines its arching branches with bright green leaves and masses of deep pink and white flowers in mid-summer. Looks great as a specimen plant overhanging a pond or pathway. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any well drained, fertile soil where it will form a rounded, open habit. After flowering a light trim back to a strong bud will help keep a good shape. Can reach a height/spread of 1.5m. A stunning plant in flower.
 
Deutzia x kalmiiflora  
This hardy, deciduous shrub lines its arching branches with light green leaves and masses of deep pink and white flowers in early summer. During autumn the leaves turn a gorgeous purple before falling. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any well drained soil where it will form a rounded, open habit. After flowering a light trim back to a strong bud will help keep a good shape. Height/spread of 1.5m. A cross of D.parviflora and D.purpurascens.

Deutzia ningpoensis (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
A rarely seen deciduous shrub with narrowly lance-shaped leaves and panicles of starry white flowers, sometimes tinged pink, during summer. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent, well drained soil, coping with dry periods once established. Reaches an approx height and spread of 2m. Can be pruned after flowering to help keep a good shape, removing any old or damaged stems. A strong, tough shrub deserving of its AGM. Hardy.
 
Deutzia scabra 'Plena' 
A hardy, deciduous shrub with an upright habit producing long pointed leaves and masses of deep pink and white double flowers in early summer. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent, well drained soil, coping with dry periods once established. Reaches approx 2.5m in height and spread. Can be pruned after flowering to help keep a good shape,
removing any old or damaged stems. A strong, tough shrub well worth its place in the garden.
 
Deutzia 'Tourbillon Rouge'
A hardy, deciduous shrub with a bushy habit producing fresh, mid green leaves and clusters of white flowers with a heavy rose-pink blush during early summer. Requires a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent, well drained soil, coping with dry periods once established. Reaches approx 2m in height and spread. Can be pruned after flowering to help keep a good shape, removing any old or damaged stems. A strong, tough shrub well worth its place in the garden.
 
Diervilla x splendens
An unusual and choice multi stemmed shrub forming a mass of lush green foliage and during early summer masses of sulphur-yellow, two lipped, flowers. Foliage can turn colourful shades of red and purple before falling in autumn. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in any decent, well drained soil. Will attract butterflies and insects. Forms a rounded shape with a height and spread of around 1.5m. A cross between D. lonicera and D. sessilifolia. Hardy.
 
Drimys lanceolata
Drimys lanceolata is a choice and unusual evergreen shrub. It forms a dense, upright shrub with very attractive dark red shoots and leathery, lance-shaped, glossy, dark green leaves. Produces fragrant, pale yellow /white flowers in mid to late spring and black fruit in autumn. Prefers a decent, well drained soil in sun to part shade with shelter from cold winds. Fairly tough but not 'bone hardy', so avoid cold spots. Reaches approxiamately 4m high and 2m wide.
 
Drimys winteri (AGM-H4)
A choice evergreen shrub or small tree with large bright green, leathery leaves which are aromatic when crushed. The leaves have an attractive silvery-white underside and clusters of fragrant, creamy-white flowers appear on the branches in late spring and early summer. Prefers a decent, well drained soil in sun to part shade in a warm position out of cold winds. Fairly tough but not 'bone hardy', so avoid cold spots. Reaches approx 4m high and 2m wide.
 
Edgeworthia chrysantha 'Grandiflora'
A really choice rareity producing unusual and beautifully scented flowers on bare branches in late winter. The buds are covered in silky white hairs and open to reveal clusters of fragrant yellow flowers before lance shaped, summer foliage appears. Must have a decent, humousy, well drained soil in a sunny, sheltered position. Height and spread around 1.5m. Can be a tricky customer, especially when young. Will stand -15C if happy and established. Smart plant!

Edgeworthia chrysantha 'Winter Liebe'  
A rare cultivar of a seldom seen plant producing unusual and beautifully scented flowers on bare branches in late winter. The buds are covered in silky white hairs and open to reveal clusters of fragrant, yellow flowers which are brighter and more stable in colour than the species. Must have a humousy, well drained soil in a sunny, sheltered position. Does not like exposure. Height and spread 1m. Can be tricky when young but tough, withstanding -15C if happy and established. 
 
Elaeagnus × ebbingei 'Limelight'
This attractive variegated evergreen shrub is fast growing, very hardy and suited to any soil other than shallow chalk. Likes the sun and a bit of moisture but will tolerate dry areas once established and is suited to windy locations. Will reach upto 3m in height but easily controlled by pruning and although fairly stable any non-variegated shoots should be removed at the same time. Small but strongly scented white flowers during late summer.
 
Elaeagnus x ebbingei 
This pleasing grey-green evergreen shrub can be an invaluable backdrop or windbreak. It is a fairly quick grower and suited to any soil other than shallow chalk. Produces small but highly fragrant flowers in late summer. Likes the sun or part shade and a bit of moisture but will tolerate dry areas once established. Extremely tolerant of wind. Will reach upto 4m in height and spread but easily controlled by pruning. A very useful and hardy plant.
 
Elaeagnus pungens 'maculata'
This attractive variegated evergreen shrub is fast growing, very hardy and suited to any soil other than shallow chalk. Likes the sun and a bit of moisture but will tolerate dry areas once established and is suited to windy locations. Will reach upto 3m in height but easily controlled by pruning and although fairly stable any non-variegated shoots should be removed at the same time. Insignificant but strongly scented white flowers over winter.
 
Elaeagnus 'Quicksilver' 
An eye catching, deciduous shrub with long oval silvery-green leaves that catch the light and look very bright in sunshine.  Small, star-shaped, creamy-yellow flowers during summer which have a sweet scent. Not fussy but best in a well drained soil that avoids excessive winter wet in a position that gets plenty of sun. Will reach upto 3m in height and spread but easily controlled by pruning. Stands out beautifully against a dark background. Very hardy.
 
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus 'Variegatus'
This elegant hardy plant has clusters of neat, lobed leaves, edged with an irregular, creamy white margin. The variegated foliage is particularly nice to brighten a partly
shaded area and contrast beautifully around other dark green leaved shrubs. It is related to ivy, which is evident when it fruits producing similar clusters of berries. An intriguing deciduous shrub for sun or part shade in any well drained soil. Height and spread of 2.5m
 
Embothrium coccineum - Not available for 2017
The rare 'Chilean Fire Bush' is a handsome, upright, semi evergreen small tree with leathery, lance-shaped leaves and clusters of gorgeous, tubular scarlet flowers in early summer. Must have a humous rich, well drained soil in part to dappled shade. Dislikes cold, drying winds. Although magnificent it can be a difficult plant to establish, even failing in optimum conditions. Height 5m with a 3m width after many years. Hardy to around -10C in optimum conditions.
 
Enkianthus campanulatus (AGM-H4) - May not be available 2017
A hardy, deciduous shrub with lovely, bell-shaped, creamy white flowers, sometimes flushed with pink during early summer. The dark green leaves turn shades of red and gold before falling in autumn. Generally grows best in the same areas as Rhododendrons, as they both enjoy a lime free, humous rich, well drained soil. A charming, low-maintenance garden plant for a sunny or partly shaded position. Reaches an approx height and spread of 3m. Hardy.
 
Eriobotrya japonica (AGM-H3/H4)
The 'Loquat' is a large evergreen shrub with the most handsome, large glossy leaves, brown felted beneath. Produces scented, hawthorn type flowers in late autumn or early winter but unlikely to produce fruit in the UK. Not bone hardy so best in a warm, sheltered position, in a decent but well drained soil. Likes a sunny spot but the glossy foliage can be bigger and better if given shade from hot sun. Can reach over 4m in height/spread after many years.
 
Escallonia 'Iveyi' (AGM-H3)
A vigorous medium-sized evergreen shrub with fairly large, glossy dark green leaves, and large sprays of attractive pure white flowers in mid and late summer. Needs a sunny position but not fussy about soil type as long as it has good drainage. Not totally hardy so best to try it in a protected, sheltered spot, out of cold winds, where it is possible for it cope with temps somewhere around -10C. Will reach a height and spread of approx 2m.
 
Escallonia laevis 'Pink Elle' 
A lovely new introduction forming a dense evergreen shrub with deep green glossy foliage and during late spring and again in autumn dense upright clusters of pink flowers, gradually fading to nearer white. Suited to a sunny spot in most soils that drain well but hold onto moisture as it resents being too dry. Best with some shelter, avoiding exposed positions subject to very cold winds. Compact with a height and spread of 1 to 1.5m. Tough given correct conditions.  
 
Euonymus alatus (AGM-H4)
This remarkable shrub is relatively inconspicuous in summer, but a highlight in autumn when the foliage catches fire with brilliant crimson tints before falling. These are most vivid in sun, although it grows well in shade. The summer flowers are insignificant, but they are followed by attractive purple and red fruits which split to reveal bright orange seed. Best in a drained soil in sun to part shade where it may reach 2m in height/spread. Very hardy.
 
Euonymus alatus var. apterus - Not available 2017
A rare variation of alatus with smaller, dark green, glossy foliage which turns shades of crimson before falling in autumn. Makes a pleasing framework of green stems during the winter months which lack the normal corky wings of alatus. The summer flowers are small but followed by attractive fruits which split to reveal bright orange seed. Best in a drained soil in sun to part shade. May reach 1.5m in height and spread after many years. V hardy.
 
Euonymus alatus 'Compactus' (AGM-H4)
This remarkable shrub is relatively inconspicuous in summer, but a highlight in autumn when the foliage catches fire with brilliant crimson tints before falling. These are most vivid in sun, although it grows well in shade. The summer flowers are insignificant, but they are followed by attractive purple and red fruits which split to reveal bright orange seed. Best in a drained soil in sun to part shade where it may reach 1m in height/spread. Very hardy.
 
Euonymus europaeus f. albus - Not available 2017
A very rare form of our native spindle making a strong, deciduous shrub with lush green leaves that turn deep purple red in autumn before falling. The superb foliage colour is enhanced by spectacular displays of creamy white fruits which split to reveal glowing orange berries. Best in any fertile soil in full sun or part shade where it may reach 3 to 4m in height with a spread of 2.5m. A very hardy garden shrub with an amazing display of autumn fruit once established.

Euonymus fortunei 'Blondy' 
A compact and versatile evergreen shrub with bright, deep yellow, ovate leaves narrowly margined with dark green. Although tolerant of part shade it does best in a sunny, well drained position, coping well with exposure. Generally reaches a height of around 50cm with a similar spread. Can be shaped or pruned during spring if necessary. Very hardy.
 
Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald Gaiety' (AGM-H4)
A versatile, evergreen shrub with attractive dark green leaves whose irregular white margins can take on subtle pink tones. Although tolerant of part shade it does best in sunny, well drained position where it can make an excellent specimen shrub or if planted against support will act as a climber. Can reach a height of approx 1m with a spread of 1.5m if used as a shrub. Tolerant of exposure and very hardy.
 
Euonymus fortunei 'Minimus'
'Minimus' has smaller leaves than other plants of the species and a very low-growing, spreading habit. This evergreen shrub is best used as a groundcover forming a dense mat of leaves, but it can climb as a vine if given support. Suited to any well-drained soil in full sun or light shade, needing more moisture in full sun. Tolerant of exposure and very hardy but may suffer from winter burn in very cold conditions. Height 20cm with a 50cm spread.
 
Euonymus fortunei 'Silver Queen'
A versatile, evergreen shrub with attractive dark green leaves whose white margins can take on subtle pink tones. It bears inconspicuous pale-green flowers in summer, occasionally followed by pale-pink and orange fruits in autumn. Although tolerant of part shade it does best in sunny, well drained position where it can make an excellent specimen shrub. Can reach a height of approx 2m with a spread of 1.5m. Tolerant of exposure and very hardy.

Euonymus hamiltonianus 'Rainbow'
An exceptionally colourful and extremely rare Euonymus producing bright green foliage with a wide gold edge. Fairly inconspicuous greenish-yellow flowers in spring which are followed by pink seed capsules that open to reveal bright orange seed during autumn. Foliage shows good autumn colour before falling. For a sunny or partially shaded spot in any half decent, fertile 
soil. Height and spread may vary depending on location but somewhere around 2m. Hardy.​​​​​​​
 
Euonymus myrianthus - Not available for 2015
A superb, rare and generally evergreen euonymus with glossy, bright green leaves and dense, rounded heads of greenish-yellow flowers in spring. The flowers are followed by splendid yellow fruit, which contrast beautifully with the bold folige in autumn. The fruit finally splits to reveal vivid orange-scarlet seed. For a sunny or partially shaded in any half decent, fertile soil. Will reach a height and spread of approxiamately 2.5m. An 'eye catching', hardy plant.  
 
Euonymus planipes
A choice and unusual garden plant which during autumn produces masses of showy, purplish scarlet fruit which weep gracefully from the branches and split to reveal bright orange seed. Once established, the large, lush green leaves also have excellent autumn colour, turning deep red or plum purple before falling. For a sunny or partially shaded spot in any half decent, fertile soil. Reaches a height and spread of around 2 to 2.5m. A spectacular hardy shrub.
 
Euonymus sieboldianus var sanguineus BSWJ11140
Raised from plants originally collected as seed from Oita, southern Japan. A medium sized semi evergreen shrub with lovely thick-textured leathery leaves. Late spring flowers turn to a mass of rose-pink seed pods during autumn, which split to reveal the bright red-orange seed within. Best in a fertile, well drained soil in sun or shade, although more flowers are produced in sun. Foliage shows good autumn colours. Can reach a height and spread of 2m.
 
Euphorbia amygdaloides 'Purpurea' 
A very attractive evergreen perennial with deep purple stems and leaves, and contrasting lime green flowers opening at the ends of the leafy stems in spring and early summer. An easy and accomodating plant that will cope with most conditions other than excessive wet. Adaptable growing in full sun through to shade. Reaches approx 75cm in height gradually spreading to around 75cm. No where near as vigorousas its green counterpart. Hardy and should self seed.

 
Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae
A spreading, evergreen perennial forming colonies of rosettes of oblong, dark green leaves from which arise large rounded sprays of yellow-green flowers during spring. An easy to grow plant that will cope with most conditions even dry shade as long as the soil drains. Reaches approx 50cm in height gradually spreading to 1m. Excellent in difficult, dry conditions where the evergreen leaves form a low weed-smothering carpet over the ground.
 
Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii (AGM-H4)
This architectural hardy perennial is perfect for adding a touch of drama to the border. Bluish-green foliage looks fresh all year round, and in early summer it is joined by large, dome-shaped, lime-yellow flowers that tower above. Plants enjoy a sunny, well-drained spot, making them a good choice for a gravel garden. Cut flower stems to ground level as the blooms fade, avoiding the milky sap as it may irritate skin. Height & spread 0.9m
 
Euphorbia x martini 'Ascot Rainbow'
An upright, clump-forming, evergreen perennial or sub-shrub bearing whorls of lance-shaped, grey-green leaves with pale yellow margins, the entire leaf flushed pink and red in autumn and winter. Cymes of small red flowers surrounded by prominent yellow-green bracts during spring. Suited to any moist but well drained soil preferably in full sun but tolerates part shade. Reaches an approx height and spread of 60cm. Avoid the sap as this can cause skin irritation. Hardy.​​​​​​​


Euphorbia x martini 'Baby Charm'  
A compact, evergreen Euphorbia forming a neat, round clump of deep green leaves tinted with red. Typical Euphorbia sprays of light green flower bracts for many weeks during spring. Suited to any well drained soil preferably in full sun as this will deepen the intensity of the foliage colour but tolerates part shade. Reaches an approx height and spread of 0.6m Best to remove old stems after flowering but avoid the sap as this can cause skin irritation. Hardy.

 
Euphorbia mellifera (AGM-H3)
A magnificent, large euphorbia that really makes a dramatic statement in the garden. Stiff stems support whorls of bright green leaves with a pale stripe down the centre and topped in early summer with small, honey-scented, bronze flowers. Will form a natural dome shape to 1.8m high/wide. Pretty hardy as survived 2010/11 winter at Jersey Cottage. Requires sun/semi shade in light well drained soil. Prune out any damaged or 'leggy' stems in spring.
 
Euphorbia stygiana 
A stunning evergreen shrub related to E.mellifera, creating a structure of branching woody stems supporting dark green leaves with a white midrib. Clusters of small, pale yellow flowers appear on the ends of the stems between May and June, generally later than E.mellifera. Needs a sunny, sheltered spot in a decent well drained soil to thrive. Will rarely exceed 1m in height in British gardens but may reach a 2m spread. Pretty tough if planted correctly.
 
Euphorbia x pasteurii
An extremely handsome and striking large shrub which could be argued an improvement on its parentage of E.mellifera and E.stygiana. Produces many thick stems supporting whorls of dark green leaves, topped in late spring with small honey-scented bronze flowers. Likes sun or part shade in a decent soil that can hold moisture but avoid winter wet. A pretty tough evergreen but can sustain top growth damage in cold winters. Height and spread 1 to 2m.   
 
Exochorda x macrantha 'Niagara'
A compact, rounded, deciduous shrub with arching branches bearing oblong, light green leaves and short racemes of many, small white flowers in late spring and early summer. Likes a moist, but well drained soil in full sun or part, light shade. Reaches a height and spread of around 1 to 1.5m. To encourage strong growth, more flowers and a bushy appearence, prune stems back to a strong bud after flowering. Hardy. Sometimes sold as Exochorda 'Snow Day Surprise'
 
Fatsia japonica (AGM-H5)
A superb evergreen foliage plant with large glossy leaves. Hardy and remarkably unfussy if given a sheltered spot and protection from cold winds. It will grow well in a variety of soils and can cope with little direct sunlight, an excellent choice for that near sunless corner! Fatsia also produces white waxy blooms in autumn. Plant in spring to allow time to settle and establish before winter. Can reach upto 2m in height and width.
 
Fatsia japonica 'Spider's Web'
A superb, bushy, medium-sized evergreen shrub with large, deeply-lobed leathery leaves, heavily speckled creamy-white. Small, white, spherical clusters of flowers during autumn, followed by black fruits. Not too fussy about soil as long as it can provide some moisture but avoid excessive wet. Best in a sheltered position out of cold winds and strong sun. Height and spread varies but somewhere around 2m. Pretty tough given good conditions.
 
Fatsia japonica 'Variegata' (AGM-H4) 
A superb, bushy, medium-sized evergreen shrub with large, deeply-lobed leathery leaves, narrowly edged with cream. Small, white, spherical clusters of flowers during autumn, followed by black fruits. Not too fussy about soil as long as it can provide some moisture but avoid excessive wet. Best in a sheltered position out of cold winds and strong sun. Height and spread varies but somewhere around 1.5m. Pretty tough given good conditions.
 
Ficus carica 'Brown Turkey' (AGM-H3) 
A large deciduous shrub with bold, deeply lobed leaves and insignificant flowers followed by edible fruit, at first green, but purplish when ripe. A superb foliage plant despite being grown mainly for its fruit. Not bone hardy being damaged in the nursery garden during the 2011/12 winter but coming back strong producing strong new shoots from the ground. Needs a sunny, well drained spot. Can reach a height and spread of over 3m but easily pruned.
 
Fuchsia 'Bernisser Hardy' (AGM-H4)
A vigorous, upright, deciduous shrub bearing oval, mid-green leaves and, in summer, single flowers with red tubes, red sepals and purple corollas. Suited to a moist, fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Plant the base of the stem 5cm below the soil surface and provide a deep winter mulch and shelter from cold drying winds. Not reliably hardy. Suitable for pot growing. Reaches a height and spread of approx 1m. Prune in early spring to maintain shape if required. 
 
Fuchsia hatschbachii  
A beautiful and seldom seen, small fuschia with very attractive, dark green, willow-like leaves and bright fuchsia coloured flowers, with the classic fuchsia shape during summer. Not overly fussy but best suited to a partly shaded spot out of hot afternoon sun, in most well drained soils. Size can vary depending on location but reaches an approx height and spread of 1m which would make it very suitable for growing in a pot. A pretty tough fuschia.
 
Fuchsia 'Hawkshead' (AGM-H4) 
A bushy, upright shrub with small, dark green leaves and simple yet elegant, single white flowers, the broad sepals tinged with green. Prefers a decent, fertile soil with good drainage in a sunny, sheltered spot so as to avoid exposure to cold winds. Reaches an approxiamate height of 1m with a spread of 0.5m. Not bone hardy but pretty tough. In cold areas plant the base of the stem 5cm deeper and apply a winter mulch. Prune in early spring if required.
 
Fuchsia 'Riccartonii' (AGM-H6)
A simple yet beautiful, upright, deciduous Fuschia with small, ovate dark green leaves and during summer through into autumn small flowers with a crimson tube and sepals, petals violet -purple. Suited to a moist, fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Plant the base of the stem 5cm below the soil surface and provide a deep winter mulch and shelter from cold drying winds. Reaches a height and spread of 2m. Prune in early spring to maintain shape if required. Hardy

Fuchsia 'Tom West'  
An upright, lax, deciduous shrub with purple flushed, cream and light green, variegated leaves and during weeks over summer, single, reddish-pink and purple flowers. Can be tried outdoors in a sheltered sunny spot in any moist, fertile soil and given a winter bark mulch but probably safer in a pot and given winter protection. A smaller Fuschia reaching an approxiamate height
and spread of 60cm. If pot grown keep well watered with an occasional feed when in growth.
 
Garrya elliptica 'James Roof' (AGM-H4) (Male)  
'Silk Tassel Tree', a vigorous, upright, bushy, dense, evergreen shrub or small tree with oval, leathery, wavy-margined, dark green leaves and during late winter and into early spring very snazzy, long, pendent, silver-grey male catkins. Suited to most soils as long as they provide drainage in a spot with plenty of sun. Pretty tough but best given shelter out of cold spots as the foliage can suffer from cold wind scorch. Can reach a height and spread of 4m given time.​​​​​​​

Genista lydia (AGM-H5) 
The 'Lydian Broom' a compact, deciduous dwarf shrub with arching or trailing branches clad with small green leaves and during early summer terminal clusters of pea-like, bright yellow flowers. Likes a poor, well drained soil in a position that gets plenty of direct, hot sun. Very drought resistant when settled. Can vary but generally reaches a height of only 30cm with a 
spread of 60 to 80cm. Cold hardy but will struggle with rich, wet soils, especially over winter. ​​​​​​​


Grevillea victoriae - Not available for 2017 
A highly ornamental, evergreen shrub with striking narrow silver leaves and from late spring into summer clusters of burnt orange flowers in pendant racemes which emerge from very attractive, long lasting, coppery flower buds. Needs a sunny position in a lime free, well drained soil. Reaches an approxiamte height and spread of 1.5m. Planted in a very well drained spot at Jersey Cottage suffering no ill effect following the -16C during 2011/12.
 
Griselinia littoralis (AGM-H3)
A superb evergreen with beautiful lush oval green leaves. Forms a dense, shapely, shrub with an upright habit. It is ideal for growning as a specimen plant in the border but also makes an excellent hedging plant, especially in exposed positions. Pretty tough in a light free draining soil but less so in a chilly, wet position subject to cold winds. Benefits from a spring mulch of compost. Will reach a height of 4m but can be pruned to keep down if required.
 
Griselinia littoralis 'Bantry Bay'
A dense, upright, evergreen shrub bearing ornamental, leathery, ovate, bright green leaves with cream central markings. Inconspicuous, yellow-green flowers in late spring. Likes a well drained soil in a sunny, warm position, ideally against a wall or similar. Will not tolerate exposed positions subject to cold, cutting winds. Not as quick growing as the species reaching a height and spread of around 2m. Easily pruned if req'd. Pretty tough given good conditions. 
 
Halesia carolina
A particularly beautiful small tree producing clusters of white flowers with a golden centre. The flowers have a delicate scent and appear in spring just before or alongside the dark green leaves, which in a crisp autumn turn golden yellow before falling. Dinstinctive winged fruit pods follow the flowers. Best in a sunny or lightly shaded spot in a lime free, fertile, well drained soil. After many years it can reach a height and spread of 8m. A superb and hardy small tree.  
 
Halesia carolina 'Variegata' 
Exceptionally rare shrub or small tree producing lovely clusters of white flowers with golden centres. The flowers have a delicate scent and appear in spring just before or alongside the dark green, gold margined leaves. Dinstinctive winged fruit pods follow the flowers. Best in a sunny or lightly shaded spot in a lime free, fertile, well drained soil. Slow growing but after 
many years it can reach a height of 6m with a spread of 4m. A superb and hardy small tree. 
 
Hebe - We generally have a choice of several different cultivars.
 
Helichrysum italicum (AGM-H3)
An exceptional mediterranean sub-shrub with curry scented foliage and clusters of small, yellow, long lasting flowers throughout summer. Loves a sunny well drained spot in a poor to moderate soil. I have not lost one to the winter as yet but without fierce drainage it may be wise to protect or overwinter in a cold glasshouse. Height/spread 0.6m x 0.75m
 
Helwingia chinensis - Not available 2017
A rare and unusual shrub with olive green leaves that appear to have an iridescent sheen, which when combined with the reddish young growth gives a superb overall effect. In summer small single flowers appear on the upper leaf surface which may in turn produce dark berries. Best grown under a tree canopy with dappled shade in a moist, humous rich soil. Had no problems with the 2011/12 winter in the nursery garden. Height and spread approx 1m.
 
Helwingia chinensis (Narrow leaf form)
An unusual and rare shrub with narrow, olive green leaves that appear to have an iridescent sheen, which when combined with the reddish young growth gives a superb overall effect. In summer small single flowers appear on the upper leaf surface which may in turn produce dark berries. Best grown under a tree canopy with dappled shade in a moist, humous rich soil. Hardy to around -10C if given a protected spot out of cold winds. Height/spread approx 1m.
 
Heptacodium miconioides 
A handsome and unusual deciduous plant with attractive, glossy, dark green leaves with deeply marked veins and lightly scented clusters of white flowers through late summer and early autumn. The flowers are popular with insects and butterflies. Once established the bark is also eye catching, with the mature bark becoming grey, while the younger growth is dark red. Likes a fertile, well drained soil in sun or light shade. Height to 4m with a 3m spread. Hardy.
 
Hibiscus syriacus 'Éléonore
A superb new and robust Hibiscus forming a medium-sized, deciduous shrub with strongly lobed leaves and over a long period from July through into October very attractive white flowers. Suited to a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1.5 and 2m. Hardy but dislikes excessive winter wet.
 
Hibiscus syriacus 'Hamabo' (AGM-H5)
A medium-sized, deciduous shrub with strongly lobed leaves and from August through into October very attractive blush-pink flowers with a conspicuous red blotch at the base of each petal. Suited to a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. Hardy but dislikes excessive winter wet. 
 
Hibiscus syriacus 'Marina'
A stunning Hibiscus forming a medium-sized, deciduous shrub with strongly lobed leaves and over a long period from July through into September very attractive, large blue flowers with red centres. Suited to a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1.5 and 2m. Hardy but dislikes excessive winter wet. 
 
Hibiscus syriacus 'Purple Ruffles'
A medium-sized, deciduous shrub with strongly lobed leaves and from August through into October very attractive, large, purplish-pink flowers, with a neat swirl of smaller petals in the centre. Suited to a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Reaches a height of approx 2 to 3m with a spread of 1.5m. Hardy but dislikes excessive winter wet.
 
Hippophae rhamnoides (AGM-H4) 
A large shrub eventually growing into a small shapely tree with with superb, narrow, willow-like, silvery leaves and thorny shoots. Exceptionally good in exposed sites making an excellent wind break. Female plants produce a display of orange berries in the autumn if pollinated by an adjacent male plant. Naturally adapted to light sandy soils in sun but tolerates a wider range of conditions. A very hardy, deciduous shrub reaching a height of 6m with a spread of 3m.
 
Hoheria 'Borde Hill' 
A free-flowering evergreen Hoheria with neat, small, dark green leaves which get bigger as the plant ages. From mid summer it bears masses of small white flowers which attract many insects. Suited to a sunny, well drained, fertile soil in a shelterd position that avoids exposure to cold winds. Pretty tough but not 'bone hardy', sometimes losing it's leaves in cold winters. Height 3m with a 2m spread after many years. Thought to be a cultivar of H.angustifolia.
 
Hoheria sexstylosa 'Stardust' (AGM-H4)
A lovely compact and free-flowering evergreen Hoheria. It was named by Roy Lancaster, who was one of the first to see its potential. It makes a broadly columnar shape and flowers from a young age, with generous clusters of star-shaped white flowers and narrow, glossy leaves. Suited to a sunny, well drained, fertile soil in a shelterd position. Not 'bone hardy but considered to be hardier than H. sexstylosa. Height approx 5m after many years.
 
Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' (AGM-H6)
The famous 'Annabelle' is a small, bushy deciduous shrub with broadly oval leaves and very large, spherical heads of white flowers during summer. Like most other hydrangeas, they prefer morning sun and afternoon shade or dappled shade all day, in any decent, moist soil. Height and spread around 2m. Prune to about 60cm tall in autumn as this will allow the stems to thicken a little each year, becoming better able to support the other branches and blooms.
 
Hydrangea arborescens 'Incrediball'
Also known as 'Strong Annabelle' forming a clump of fresh green foliage on very sturdy stems which are capable of supporting the huge mophead white flowers which can reach the size of a small football. The blooms are produced over an extended period from mid to late summer. Like most other hydrangeas, they prefer morning sun and afternoon shade or dappled shade all day, in any decent, moist soil. Height and spread can vary slightly but generally around 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Hydrangea aspera 'Dark Leaf' 
A lovely deciduous shrub sporting large, dark, felted leaves with red veining. Very difficult to find out any reliable information or track down its origin but I believe the late summer flowers are white and slightly smaller than the species. Plenty of space and removal of old flower heads and any wayward or unhealthy stems in late winter will keep plants manageable. Best in a moist, fertile soil in part shade. A hardy plant reaching a height/spread of 3.5m
 
Hydrangea aspera 'The Ditch' 
Hydrangea aspera is not one of the better known of the hydrangea species, which is a little unfortunate as several cultivars make rather spectacular additions to the garden.'The Ditch' has subtle soft green foliage and flattened flower heads of inner mauve with an outer ring of paler sterile flowers. Requires a fertile, moist soil in a sheltered spot positioned in part or dappled shade. A hardy, compact cultivar reaching approx 1.25m in height and spread.  
 
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Ayesha' 
A medium sized shrub with large, fresh green foliage and a strong, spreading growth habit producing domed clusters of small, cupped, pink, lilac-like flowers during summer. Suited to a moistbut well drained soil in a sheltered spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. Forms a well-branched framework with little or no need for pruning. Can struggle with very cold winters, especially when young.
 
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Merveille Sanguine'
A stunning cultivar with the name roughly translating to 'Bloody marvelous'! Produces strong, purple tinged, dark green foliage and mopheads of intense deep red florets which turn to a deep rich-plum in alkaline conditions. Likes a moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. Forms a well-branched framework with little or no need for pruning. Hardy to around -15C.
 
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nigra'
A small to medium sized shrub worth growing for its attractive black stems and large, fresh green foliage let alone the large, pink summer flowers. (Blue on acidic soils) Suited to a fertile, moist but well drained soil in a sheltered spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. Forms a well-branched framework with little or no need for pruning. Hardy but dislikes very cold winters when young.
 
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Rotschwanz' (AGM-H5)
A compact, bushy, deciduous shrub with broadly ovate, toothed, veined, dark green leaves and large, rounded clusters of red to deep reddish-pink flowers during mid to late summer. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in a sheltered spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. Reaches a height and spread of 1m. A good Hydrangea for growing in a pot on a cool patio. Forms a well branched framework with little or no need for pruning. Hardy. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Sabrina' 
A compact, bushy, deciduous shrub with broadly ovate, toothed, purple bronze foliage when young and during summer, very attractive, large, rounded clusters of white flowers edged with rosey red margins. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. May tolerate more sun given reliable moisture. A stocky plant 
with a height and spread of 1m given good conditions. Should be no need to prune. Hardy.​​​​​​​


Hydrangea macrophylla 'Sandra'
A compact, slow growing, deciduous shrub with ovate, toothed, deep purple bronze foliage and from late spring to late summer, lovely lacecap-type white flowerheads consisting of outer sterile flowers edged pale pink. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. May tolerate more sun given reliable moisture. Compact with a height and spread of approx 1m given good conditions. Should be no need to prune. Hardy.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Selina' 
A compact, slow growing, deciduous shrub with ovate, toothed, deep purple bronze foliage and from late spring to late summer attractive lacecap-type flowerheads of pinky red outer sterile flowers with white centres. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. May tolerate more sun given reliable moisture. Compact with a height and spread of approx 1m given good conditions. No real need to prune. Hardy.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Shakira'  
A strong and vigorous, rounded, deciduous shrub with broadly ovate, toothed, veined, dark green leaves and from summer through into autumn, large heads of pure white flowers. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. May tolerate more sun given reliable moisture. Height and spread of around 1.5m given a few years. Ok in a pot for a few years but needs regular watering. No real need to prune. Hardy.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Quadricolor' (AGM-H5)
A compact, bushy Hydrangea with unique, toothed, oval, light green, dark green, cream and yellow variegated leaves. Large, flattened clusters of pale blue to pale pink flowers during summer, depending on soil acidity. Best suited to dappled or part shade, avoiding hot afternoon sun in any good, moist, fertile soil. Avoid exposed windy positions. Forms a compact shrub with a height of 1 to 1.5m and a spread of 1m. A lovely, hardy plant.
 
Hydrangea paniculata 'Kyushu' (AGM-H5) - Not available 2017
A deciduous, upright hydrangea with slightly glossy dark green leaves and conical panicles of creamy white sterile and fertile flowers from early summer. The superb flowers are held on stout stems above the foliage and are excellent for cutting. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Can reach a height of 2.5m but less if given a spring pruning, with a spread of 1.5m. A particularly beautiful and hardy addition to the garden.
 
Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight' (AGM-H5) - Not available 2017 
A beautiful Hydrangea introduced from Holland with slightly glossy, dark green leaves and conical panicles of cool lime-green flower heads in mid to late summer. The blooms can last for more than a month and during this time fade to cream with a hint of pink as they age. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Height and spread of 2.5m but less if pruned back to a bud, 30 to 40 cm above the ground during March. Hardy.
 
Hydrangea paniculata 'Phantom' (AGM-H4) 
A bold and audacious paniculata that produces endless reams of massive and dense conical white flower clusters, edged with pink. The superb flowers are produced in summer on stout stems above the foliage and are excellent for cutting. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Can reach a height and spread of 1.5m in a season if pruned in spring. A particularly beautiful and hardy addition to the garden.
 
Hydrangea paniculata 'Pink Diamond' (AGM-H4)
A vigorous deciduous shrub with conical panicles of creamy white sterile and fertile flowers which age to a deep pink, borne from late summer into autumn. The superb flowers are held on stout stems above the foliage and are excellent for cutting. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Can reach a height and spread of 2.5m but less if given a spring pruning. A particularly beautiful and hardy addition to the garden.

Hydrangea paniculata Pinky-Winky (AGM-H5)
A colourful 'Conehead' Hydrangea with glossy, oval, dark green foliage and during summer into autumn conical panicles of creamy-white flowers which become deep-pink with age. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Height and spread of approx 2m if left but better if pruned back to strong buds at around 30 to 50cm in height during early spring which will create a more compact plant with a bushier appearence. Hardy.​​​​​​​
 
Hydrangea paniculata Sundae Fraise
An exceptional cultivar with a well branched, compact habit. Produces conical white flowers flushed with pink in mid summer which gradually mature to a deeper reddish-pink and compliment the dark brown-red stem colour. Not too fussy but best in a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Reaches a height and spread of around 1 to 1.5m but less if given a spring pruning. A particularly beautiful and hardy addition to the garden. 
 
Hydrangea paniculata 'Wim's Red' - Not available 2017
A strong, deciduous shrub with conical panicles of creamy white sterile and fertile flowers during summer which age to red during autumn. The superb flowers are held on stout stems above the foliage and are excellent for cutting. Suited to a decent, moisture retentive soil in full sun or part shade. Can reach a height and spread of approxiamately 2m but less if given a spring pruning. A particularly beautiful and hardy addition to the garden.
 
Hydrangea 'Preziosa' (AGM H3/H4) 
A medium-sized deciduous shrub with bronze tinted young leaves, later becoming deep green and finally a gorgeous deep red before falling in autumn. Rounded clusters of rose-pink flowers, becoming reddish-purple with age, are borne in late summer and early autumn. Easily grown in a sunny or partly shaded spot in any good, moist, fertile soil. Avoid exposed cold spots as not quite 'bone hardy'. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 1.5 m.

Hydrangea quercifolia 'Ice Crystal'
A good cultivar of the 'Oakleaf Hydangea' forming a bushy shrub bearing deeply lobed, grey green leaves which turn lovely shades of reddish purple in autumn before falling and during summer, conical clusters of white flowers. Suited to a decent, moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets some good light but avoids hot afternoon sun. Dislikes wet, poorly drained soils. Height and spread around 1 to 1.5m. Hardy but avoid heavy, very wet soils over winter.
 
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Sike's Dwarf' - Not available 2017
An all round cracking Hydrangea. Attractive oak leaf foliage and showy, upright, conical white flower spikes really make this shrub and out. The large fuzzy lobed leaves turn an outstanding burgundy in the autumn, before falling. Suited to a semi shaded spot in a humus rich well drained soil. Its' smaller stature also makes it suitable for growing in a pot. Reaches an approxiamate height and spread of 1.2m. A lovely and very hardy plant.
 
Hydrangea quercifolia (AGM-H4)
A medium size hydrangea grown as much for its autumn leaf tints as for the loose conical, creamy flower heads from mid-summer into autumn. The leaves are large and lobed like those of an oak, dark green until the autumn when they turn various shades of bronze, orange and red. Suited to a decent, moist but well drained soil in full sun or part shade. Dislikes wet soils. Height and spread approx 1.5m. Tough but can struggle with very cold, wet winters.
 
Hydrangea serrata BSWJ6241a
Originally from a seed collection in the Mount Unzen area of Kyushu, Japan. A very floriferous dwarf form of this deciduous lacecap species, bearing flowers of strong blue (pink in alkaline soil) flowers May-August. Easily grown in any type of drained fertile soil with a bit of moisture retention, in either sun or shade, but more moisture required in full sun. Reaches only 1m in height and spread so no need for pruning! A stunning hardy plant.
 
Hydrangea serrata 'Chiba Cherry-lips' BSWJ4817
Originally from a seed collection taken in the Chiba Peninsular on the eastern side of central Japan (BSWJ4817) The foliage emerges bronzed, maturing darker in good light, contrasting markedly with the lacecap type flowers which are surrounded by large, white, red-edged, serrated sterile florets in mid summer. Easily grown in part shade to sun in any type of good fertile drained soil. Height and spread of approxiamately 1.5m. Hardy. Rare in cultivation.
 
Hypericum
 
Hypericum x hidcoteense 'Hidcote' (AGM-H5)
Hypericum 'Magical Beauty'
Hypericum 'Magical Grasce'
 
Indigofera amblyantha (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
One of the choicest and most useful Indigofera, making an erect, sparsely branched shrub with shrimp pink racemes of pea flowers from June through into October. A really attractive and especially useful plant due to its immense flowering period. The flowers are finally followed by hairy pods. A hardy deciduous plant that likes a moist well drained soil in full sun. Will reach a height and spread of approxiamately 2m after a few years.
 
Indigofera heterantha (AGM-H5)
A lovely and unusual shrub with attractive, pale green, pinnate foliage and for a long time during summer and into autumn clusters of purple-rose coloured, pea-like flowers. Easily grown if given a sunny position in most soils that have good drainage as it resents soggy soils especially over winter. Height and spread of around 2m but can be cut back in severe winters, regrowing the following season. Formerly known as I. gerardiana.

Indigofera kirilowii  
A lovely, dense suckering shrub clad with fresh green, pinnate foliage and during summer dense, axillary racemes of pink, pea-like flowers. Can intermittently flower through into September. Likes a decent, well drained soil in a spot that gets plenty of sun. Reaches a height of around 1m tall. To encourage a bushy appearence it can be cut back hard in early spring as flowers are formed on new wood. Hardy but may suffer top damge in severe winters.
 
Isoplexis canariensis
A beautiful but tender shrub with serrated, dark green foliage. From late spring many flattened trumpet-shaped apricot flowers rise above the foliage. One for the summer patio and a frost protected greenhouse or similar in winter. Keep moist during growth in a warm sunny spot. Can reach 1.5m in height but usually less when grown in a pot. Prune odd shoots down to the crown to keep a bushier appearence and to encourage further flowers. Rare.
 
Itea ilicifolia (AGM-H5)  
'Holly Leaved Sweet Spire', a medium-sized evergreen shrub with glossy, holly-like, broadly oval leaves and during summer small, catkin like, whitish-green flowers, in long, drooping racemes. Suited to a fertile, well drained soil in a warm, sunny, sheltered spot. Hardy enough but just doesn't perform in cold positions, especially if exposed. Really good if trained against a South West facing wall. Size varies but can reach a height and spread of 3m given time.​​​​​​​

 
Itea virginica - Not available 2017
A very dependable, showy plant that holds its leaves on arching stems well into autumn, allowing the lovely maroon, yellow, and orange tones to develop and reveal themselves over time. Virginia sweetspire also produces an early-summer show, featuring slender, drooping racemes of white flowers that attract all sorts of insects. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in any humous rich, well drained soil. Height and spread approx 2m. Hardy.
 
Jamesia americana - Not available 2017
An extremely rare member of the hydrangea family and the the only member of the genus. A small shrub with toothed, velvety green leaves which can show subtle red tones before falling in autumn. Very attractive, star shaped, slightly fragrant white flowers in late spring or early summer. Once established the bark becomes papery and peels. Suited to a fertile, well drained soil in full sun where it can reach a height and spread of approx 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Jasminum fruticans 
A terrific evergreen, small to medium sized shrub with green branches bearing small trifoliate leaves and clusters of bright yellow, flared flowers at the end of the erect stems during the summer months. Easily grown in part shade or full sun in any type of fertile drained soil. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m used as a shrub but can be grown on a support as a climber. Hardy and generally evergreen unless the winter is particularly cold.
 
Kolkwitzia amabilis 'Pink Cloud' (AGM-H4)
A reliable and eye catching garden shrub with drooping branches bearing oval green leaves and masses of pretty pink, bell shaped flowers during early summer. Prefers a fertile, well drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Old, woody stems should be pruned back after flowering to improve the amount of flowers produced in the following year. A hardy, deciduous shrub reaching a height of approxiamately 2.5m with a slightly larger spread.
 
Lindera benzoin 
An unusual, rare and wonderful shrub for autumn colour when the thick, dark green foliage turns a spectacular bright yellow before falling. Clusters of small, fragrant greenish-yellow flowers in spring, which can be followed by bright red fruit when both male and female plants are present. Best in moist, moderately fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Will not tolerate limey soils. Can reach around 3m in height and spread. Hardy.

Lophomyrtus x ralphii 'Magic Dragon'
A compact, upright, dense, evergreen shrub bearing small, oval, pink-flushed, dark green leaves with creamy-white margins and lightly fragrant, open cup-shaped, white flowers in summer, followed by dark red fruit. Needs a warm, sheltered position out of hot afternoon sun in a spot that avoids any cold winds. Suited to any decent well drained soil. Not bone hardy but easily pot grown and given winter shelter if in doubt. Height and spread around 1 to 1.2m.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Fire Dance' 
A mid-sized evergreen shrub with lovely purple foliage. A little known relative of the 'Witch Hazel' with the similar late winter, spidery flowers, which are pink and scented and look really smart next to the dark foliage. Suited to a moist, free-draining soil in full sun or very light dappled shade. Pretty tough but best if given a warmer, sheltered site out of any cold spots.
A compact evergreen reaching a height and spread of around 1m with no real need to prune.​​​​​​​
 
Luma apiculata (AGM-H3) - Not available 2017
A stunningly beautiful evergreen large shrub or small tree with gorgeous smooth, cinnamon orange bark, peeling to reveal white patches. Masses of white flowers in late summer followed by black fruit. A sun lover for a sheltered spot in a fertile, humous rich soil that drains freely. Winter lows of -10C are achievable if the siting and drainage are excellent. Although a small tree in its native Chile, 3m in height is more realistic with a 2m spread. 
 
Mahonia eurybracteata 'Sweet Winter'
A very new and rarely available Mahonia forming a superb, compact, evergreen shrub with pinnate foliage made up of dark green leaflets. Spreading racemes of lightly fragrant, yellow to yellow-green flowers from mid summer into autumn followed by dark blue berries. Best in a decent, moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered spot that avoids any strong sun. Avoid cold winds. Height and spread around 1m. Tough but benifets from a sheltered wall or similar.

Mahonia gracilipes
A rare, handsome and fascinating species, introduced from China by Roy Lancaster in 1980. Forms a low evergreen shrub with long, gracefull leaves wth white undersides and during late summer into autumn delightful, purple-red flowers with creamy-yellow centers. Suited to a sheltered spot that gets good light but avoids very hot afternoon sun in any decent, well drained soil. Slow growing but can eventually reach a height and spread of 1 to 1.5m. Hardy.​​​​​​​

Mahonia japonica (AGM-H5) 
Known as the 'Japanese Mahonia' for some reason as its native to China? Upright evergreen shrub with long, spiny, pinnate leaves and for several weeks during late winter racemes of many, small, bright yellow, fragrant flowers, followed by blue black berries. Suited to most decent well drained soils in part shade. Best to avoid spots subject to strong afternoon sun and cold, cutting winds. Height of around 1.5 to 2m with a similar spread given time. Hardy.
 
Melianthus major (AGM-H3)
A wonderful architectural plant I would never be without. The beautiful but delicate foliage will be cut down during a typical winter but a good mulch of bark chip should ensure a full recovery the following spring. Following a mild winter reddy brown flowers will be produced in spring. Plant in a warm (wind free) sunny spot in a fertile soil that provides good winter drainage. Came back strong after 2010/11 winter at Jersey Cottage. Height/spread 2.0m.
 
Melianthus villosus
A smaller more refined species to the more well known M.major, creating a stunning foliage plant with large, serrated, tropical-looking green foliage. Flowering can be eratic producing curious, maroon-brown flowers with chocolate bracts during summer. Requires a sunny or part shaded spot in a humous rich soil that drains sufficiently to avoid winter wet. Evergreen in a mild winter but generally herbacious. Height and spread approx 1m. Rarely offered for sale.
 
Mitraria coccinea 'Lake Caburgua' 
A low spreading evergreen shrub or climber with glossy dark green leaves and superb tubular red flowers starting in early summer and continuing through to autumn. Suited to a fertile, well drained soil in a position that avoids hot afternoon sun. Looks particularly good trained up a partly shaded wall. Avoid wet, poorly drained soils. Reaches an approxiamate height and spread of 0.6m as a lax shrub or upto 2m as a climber. Pretty tough if planted correctly.

Nandina domestica 'Fire Power' 
A compact, upright evergreen shrub with compound leaves which are yellowish-green in summer, becoming very attractive and noticable shades of orange and red in autumn and winter. Small, white flowers, in conical panicles during summer. Suited to a moist but well-drained soil in a sheltered, sunny position. Bit sulky if too dry and best to avoid direct exposure to cold winds. Very compact for a Nandina reaching a height and spread of around 60cm. Hardy given shelter.
 
Nandina domestica 'Pygmaea' - Not available 2017
Also known as 'Nana', 'Pygmaea' is excellent for smaller gardens, compact and slower growing, with good spring and autumn colouring. The leaves are a superb reddish-purple when young and again in autumn and often remain all winter. Bears panicles of small star-shaped, white flowers in summer producing winter berries. Grow in a well drained neutral to acidic soil in full sun. Superb in pots. Upto 1m in height with a spread of approx 0.7m.
 
Nandina domestica (AGM-H3) - |Not available 2017
An all year-round beauty. In spring the new leaves emerge pinky-red, followed in summer by panicles of creamy-white flowers and green berries. Its high point, however, is early winter, when the leaves flush crimson and the berries turn sealing-wax red. May lose its leaves around -10C but takes a very hard winter to kill it off completely. Grow in a well drained, moist, acidic/neutral soil in full sun. Suitable for pots. Upto 2m in height.
 
Neillia thibetica - Not available 2017
A beautiful, if often overlooked shrub which is native to rocky areas of Western China with attractive, pale green leaves and slender racemes of pink, tubular flowers in early summer. The flowers are particularly attractive to bees and butterflies. The bare stems in winter are a striking, chestnut brown. Suited to a moist, fertile soil in full sun or part shade. A lovely, hardy and unusual garden plant reaching a height and spread of approx 1.5m.
 
Olearia virgata var. lineata 'Dartonii'  
Intriguing 'Daisy Bush' from the South Island in New Zealand. An evergreen shrub with the grace and texture of a small willow plus the bonus of small white daisy flowers in summer. Long, slender, branches are clad with narrow green and silver leaves. Grows in most well drained soils in sun. At least hardy to -12C, breezing through 2010/11 winter at Jersey Cottage. Copes well with south west winds. Height and spread of over 2.0m.
 
Osmanthus x burkwoodii (AGM-H4)
An extremely attractive and ornamental evergreen shrub with dark green leaves and clusters of very pretty, sweetly scented flowers during April and May. The flowers contrast well against the dark green leaves making an excellent foil when planted at the back of the border. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in any fertile, well drained soil. Reaches an approx height and spread of 3m after many years. Hardy. Cross between O.decorus and O.delavayi.

Osmanthus delavayi  (AGM-H5) 
An ornamental, dense, slow-growing, medium-sized evergreen shrub with rounded or ovate, dark green leaves and during mid to late spring abundant, small, highly-scented white flowers in clusters, followed by small, blue-black berries. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded position in any fertile, well drained soil. Slow growing reaching an approx height and spread of 3m but after many years. Easily restricted by pruning straight after the flowers have faded. Hardy.
 
 
Perovskia atriplicifolia 'Little Spire'
A compact, erect, deciduous sub-shrub with white stems bearing aromatic, deeply-divided, grey-green leaves and open, upright panicles of small violet-blue flowers in late summer and early autumn. Requires full sun in a moderate to poor, well drained soil as this will promote tough, compact growth whereas fertile soils will promote weak and 'leggy' growth that may need staking. A hardy plant that will tolerate an exposed position. Height and spread 0.6m
 
Philadelphus 'Belle Etoile' (AGM-H6) 
A compact, medium-sized deciduous shrub of arching growth with ovate leaves and during late spring and early summer stunning, highly-scented single white flowers, tinged purple in the centre. Suited to any fertile, well drained soil in sun or part shade. Well suited to a woodland setting. Reaches an approxiamate height of 1m with a slightly larger spread. Makes a compact shape but easily refined by a quick trim directly after flowering. Very hardy.
 
Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus' (AGM-H4)
'Aureus' is probably the best coloured form of P.coronarius, with bright golden leaves that become soft greenish gold as summer advances, providing a long display of out-of-season colour. Creamy-white, strongly scented flowers in early summer. Prefers a position out of the hottest mid-day sun to avoid scorching the leaves, in any fertile, well drained soil. Reaches approx 2m in height with a 1.5m spread. Prune after flowering if required. Hardy.
 
Philadelphus 'Innocence' 
An attractive, deciduous shrub with creamy white/yellow variegated leaves. In early summer it is smothered in strongly scented, single white flowers, which last for several weeks. Easily grown in any fertile, well drained soil in sun/part shade. Worth finding a spot where the flower scent can be appreciated. Reaches 2m in height with a spread of 1.5m. An arching, upright shrub that may need selective pruning, after flowering, to maintain shape. Hardy.
 
Philadelphus 'Manteau d'Hermine' (AGM-H4)
This is perhaps the most popular dwarf philadelphus, heavily scented with the typical orange blossom fragrance. Makes a mound of fresh foliage studded, in summer, with large, double white blooms. It thrives in most soils, even difficult clay and chalk and prefers a sunnyor partly shaded spot with a bit of moisture at the root. Cut back shoots to a strong bud each year after flowering. Can reach upto 0.75m high with twice the width. Hardy.
 
Philadelphus 'Minnesota Snowflake'
A strong, vigorous, deciduous shrub with oval, dark-green leaves and stunning, strongly scented, double white flowers with pointed petals during mid summer. Easily grown in any fertile, well drained soil in sun or light dappled shade. Best positioned where the strong flower scent can be appreciated. Forms a good bushy shape but can be easily pruned immediately after flowering if req'd. A superb hardy shrub reaching a height of 3m with a spread of 2m.
 
Philadelphus 'Mrs E.L. Robinson' 
A small, deciduous shrub with bright green leaves and enchanting single to semi-double, large, fragrant, white flowers with numerous butter yellow stamen. Masses of flowers are borne in late spring to early summer, making this a most handsome flowering garden plant. Easily grown in any fertile, well drained soil in sun or light dappled shade. Reaches approxiamately 1.5m in height and spread. Prune to shape immediately after flowering if req'd. A superb hardy shrub.
 
Philadelphus 'Starbright'
A fairly new introduction forming a dense, upright, deciduous shrub with dark stems bearing ovate, toothed, dark green leaves, flushed purple or bronze when young, and racemes of  large, fragrant, cup-shaped, white flowers in late spring and early summer. Easily grown in any fertile, well drained soil in sun or part shade. Height and spread can vary but generally around 3m high and 2m wide. Prune to shape straight after flowering if necessary. Hardy. 
 
Phillyrea angustifolia
Also known as the 'False Olive' this compact, rounded evergreen bush has interesting narrow, dark green leaves which are complemented well in early summer by clusters of small, fragrant, creamy yellow flowers. Not too fussy about soil types as long as there is adequate drainage where it should be ok with lows of -15C. Needs a position that gets good sun, coping well with exposure as long as cold winds are avoided. May reach 3m high and 2m wide.
 
Phormium
We stock a various range of Phormium cultivars.
 
Photinia × fraseri 'Red Robin' (AGM-H5) 
Red Robin is a spectacular evergreen with dark green, glossy leaves but all new growth is a brilliant red, giving a stunning display especially in the spring. The new growth turns to bronze by late spring then to green but all new flushes through the growing season are brilliant red. Any decent soil in sun or part shade. Hardy but new foliage can be caught by late frosts. A quick grower achieving a height/spread of 4m but can be pruned to restrict.
 
Photinia × fraseri 'Red Select' (Red Robin) (AGM-H5)
A choice form of 'Red Robin' with deeper foliage colour forming a handsome evergreen shrub with deep red new foliage which gradually turns to bronze and then finally dark green. Can produce creamy white flowers during spring but rather sparse. Suited to any decent, moist but well drained soil in full sun or part shade. A quick grower achieving a height and spread of between 2 and 4m depending on location. Easily pruned in early spring if required. Hardy.
 
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Dart's Gold' (AGM-H4)
Dart's Gold' is an excellent compact, medium-sized, deciduous shrub with bright yellow, three-lobed leaves, becoming greener with age. Produces clusters of small, cream or pink tinged flowers in summer. Prefers a decent, well drained soil in a fairly sunny spot, although it will tolerate a shadier area but the foliage may lose its yellow colouring, becoming more green. A hardy plant that reaches between 1.5 and 2.5m in height with a similar spread.
 
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diable D'O'r' 
A dense, compact, deciduous shrub with exfoliating bark, ovate, lobed, dark purple-red leaves, copper when young and flattened clusters of small, cup-shaped, pink-flushed, white flowers in early summer, followed by fruit that turns from green to red. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent soil with reasonable drainage. Reaches an approxiamate height and spread of 1.5m but easily restricted by a quick prune after flowering. V.hardy.

Physocarpus opulifolius Lady in Red' (AGM-H7) 
A colourful and fairly compact cultivar with fresh red new foliage that gradually fades to a browny bronze as the season progresses. Attractive clusters of pink flowers in summer. Prefers a decent, well drained soil in a fairly sunny spot, although it will tolerate a shadier area but the foliage may lose some colouring.reen. An easy and hardy plant that reaches between 1 and 1.5m in height with a similar spread. If required prune directly after flowering.​​​​​​​
 
Piptanthus nepalensis 
A superb shrub with dark green glossy leaves, bearing masses of vanilla scented, golden yellow pea flowers in spring. Evergreen in mild positions but heavy frost will cause leaf loss. Has a good degree of hardiness, surviving the 2010/11 winter at Jersey Cottage, shooting quickly in spring. Requires a sunny sheltered position in a decent well drained soil. Keep damp in summer. Upright growth gives the option of wall training. Height and spread 2m.
 
Pittosporum eugenioides 'Variegatum' (AGM-H3) - Not available for 2016
This superb evergreen shrub or small tree has glossy oval leaves margined with creamy white. Small, fragrant pale yellow flowers are produced during summer. Unless planted in a warm, sunny, protected area they are best grown in pots and protected over winter. Use a free draining compost containing at least 50% JI no.3 and water regularly and feed once a month when in growth. After many years it may reach 4m in height with a 2m width.

Pittosporum heterophyllum
A rare evergreen shrub with attractive, narrowly pointed deep green leaves and during early summer clusters of highly scented, creamy yellow flowers. Suited to a sunny position in any well drained soil, avoiding positions that are subject to winter wet. Worth finding a warm, sheltered spot where the perfume can be appreciated. Reaches an approxiamate height of 2m with a spread of between 1 and 2m. A hardy, chinese Pittosporum achieving lows of -15C.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Abbotsbury Gold' 
A lovely evergreen large shrub of columnar habit. The variegated leaves are green with a central yellow-green blotch, which is more conspicuous on younger leaves. Small purple, sweetly scented flowers in spring. Prefers a sunny/slightly shaded position in a decent soil with good drainage. A tough shrub that can withstand significant frost if in the right spot. In cold gardens provide a sheltered position out of cold winds. Height 3m with a 1m spread.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Elizabeth'
Elizabeth' will make a large, densely packed evergreen shrub to about 4m with stunning wavy leaves edged in cream and pink. Loves a sunny spot in a fertile well drained soil. Very wind tolerant so ideal in an exposed south west position (not so keen on cold wind). A fairly tough shrub that can withstand a good deal of frost if planted in the right spot, although the 2010 and 2011 winters saw many suffer. Height approx 4m with a 2m spread.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Gold Star'
A lovely compact, bushy evergreen shrub. The attractive wavy round leaves have a white midrib, central greenish-yellow variegation, and dark green edges. It has scented dark maroon male flowers in spring. Prefers a sunny/slightly shaded position in a decent soil with good drainage. Fairly tough but not enough to survive the 2010 and 11 winters. Can be pot grown and protected over winter in a cold glasshouse. Height and spread upto 2m.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Irene Patterson' (AGM-H3)
A Slower growing medium-sized evergreen shrub with rounded leaves opening white, becoming dark green speckled with white and often tinged pink in winter. Loves a sunny or semi shaded spot in a fertile well drained soil where it will make a permanent structure, giving colour in the most dreariest days of winter. A fairly tough shrub that can withstand a good deal of frost if planted in the right position. Height 1m (ish) with a similar spread.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Silver Queen' (AGM-H3)
'Silver queen' will make a large, densely packed evergreen shrub to about 3m with stunning grey green leaves with irregular cream/white margins. Loves a sunny spot in a fertile well drained soil. Very wind tolerant so ideal in an exposed south west position (not so keen on cold winds.). A fairly tough shrub that can withstand a good deal of frost if planted in the right place, although the 2010/11 winter saw many suffer. Height 3m (ish) with a 2m spread.
 
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Tom Thumb'
Unusual bronze-purple coloured glossy leaves are evergreen making this an outstanding shrub for winter and year round interest. New growth is light green contrasting well with older darker leaves. Prefers a sunny/slightly shaded position in a decent soil with good drainage. A tough shrub that can withstand significant frost if in a sheltered position out of cold winds. Looks great in a pot. Grows 1m in height and width with an attractive dome shape.
 
Pittosporum tobira (AGM-H3)
A superb evergreen shrub grown for its foliage and sweetly scented, creamy white flowers which appear from late spring to early summer.  Has tolerated frost to approx -10C in the UK but needs daytime temps above freezing to withstand these lows. Can be grown in pots and sheltered over winter, fairly dry, in a glasshouse. Use at least 50% JI in the compost mix and water regularly in summer. May reach upto 2m in a pot and upto 4m in the ground.
 
Poncirus trifoliata
A handsome and unusual plant also known as the 'False or Bitter Orange' with narrow, dark green foliage and during late spring lovely, fragrant white flowers. The eye-catching flowers are followed by bright-lemon or orange coloured, satsuma sized fruits in late summer and autumn. Likes a decent well drained soil in a sunny, warm position which will help the fruit form and ripen. Forms a small tree with a height and spread of approxiamately 3m. Hardy.
 
Prunus incisa 'Kojo-no-mai'
A lovely, delicate cherry with wiry, slightly contorted twigs which burst into life in early spring with pale pink buds which open into an amazing display of pure white flowers. In a good autumn the slightly serrated green leaves can turn vivid shades of orange and red before falling. Prefers a sunny or slightly shaded spot in a fertile well drained soil. Eventually grows to be a medium sized shrub with a height and spread of 2.5m. V hardy.
 
Prunus incisa 'Oshidori'
A lovely cherry which bursts into life in early spring with yellow-green new leaves and pale pink buds which open into an amazing display of light pink, double white flowers. In autumn the sharply toothed, dark green leaves turn lovely shades of yellow to red. Prefers a sunny or slightly shaded spot in a fertile well drained soil. Can reach 3m high and 2.5m wide. If req'd, prune after flowering. V hardy. Possibly a hybrid rather than a selected species clone.
 
Pseudopanax (Adiantifolius Group) 'Cyril Watson' (AGM-H1)
A very ornamental evergreen shrub with glossy, thick, almost round, very lobed, bright green leaves. Makes a superb foliage addition to the garden but will have to be pot grown and protected frost free over winter. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot during summer. Water regularly during the growing season but ensure pot has drainage. Naturally makes a large shrub but much less in a pot, slowly reaching a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m.
 
Pterostyrax hispida (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
A rarely seen beautiful large shrub or tree with large, oval green leaves and during summer drooping clusters of small, fragrant white flowers followed by spindle-shaped fruits covered  with light brown hairs. Foliage turns a nice yellow before falling in autumn. Likes a sunny position in any well drained soil. Totally hardy but a warm postion will encourage better flowering. Height and spread can vary but generally reaches between 6 and 8m. Superb tree. 
 
Rhamnus alaternus 'Argenteovariegata' (AGM-H4)
A large, bushy evergreen shrub, with very attractive small, leathery, ovate greyish-green leaves with creamy-white margins. Produces many small yellow flowers during spring followed by small black berries. Needs a decent, well drained soil in full sun or part shade. Avoid winter wet and exposure to cold winds. Pretty tough surviving -16C in the nursery garden during 2011/12 with only minor foliage damage. Can reach a height and spread of 3 to 4m.

Rhaphiolepis umbellata 
A seldom seen, slow growing, small evergreen shrub of rounded habit with leathery, broadly oval leaves and during late spring or early summer, fragrant white flowers in terminal panicles. Suited to any half decent, well drained soil in a sunny position that is sheltered from cold, drying winds. Slow growing reaching a height and spread of 1m but after many years. Prune after flowering if necessary. Hardy but avoid poorly drained soils and cold, exposed positions.
 
Rhodotypos scandens  
A rarely seen shrub which is incredibly easy and very beautiful. Alongside the green leaves the twiggy stems are covered in many single, paper white flowers in April and May, followed by shiny black berries and sporadic flowering until autumn. Foliage turns a buttery yellow before falling. Best in a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent soil that avoids excessive winter wet. Reaches approxiamately 1.5m in height and spread. A cracking hardy shrub.
 
Rhus typhina (AGM-H4)
A deciduous ornamental, upright suckering shrub or tree with lovely dark green leaves which in autumn turn various shades of orange, gold, scarlet or purple. The effect is greater when set against the dense cones of red fruit borne by female plants. It is prone to producing suckers but these can be mown off, lifted to propagate new plants or left to create a natural effect. Likes a well drained sunny spot where it can reach a height/spread of 4m.
 
Rhus typhina 'Tiger Eyes'  
'Tiger Eyes' is an attractive form of the common stag's horn sumach, that is grown for it's attractive leaf colour and spectacular autumn foliage. This is a dwarf variety that is said to be less vigourous than the species. The foliage which is finely divided, is bright golden yellow, turning orange and red at leaf fall. Needs a sunny position in a well drained soil. Reaches a height and spread of 2-3m but spread can be checked by removing suckers.
 
Roses (for climbing roses please see climbers section)
 
Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda)
A quality, repeat flowering Floribunda with healthy foliage and old fashioned style blooms all the way through summer and into autumn. The liquorice scented flowers are a lovely fresh yellow with pale primrose outer edges and old gold centres. Awarded 'Rose of the Year 2010' amongst many other awards. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a large pot. Reaches a height and spread between 0.6 and 0.9m. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Birthday Girl' (Floribunda)
An extremely attractive rose when in full bloom and a real eye catcher producing semi double blooms in shades of cream, yellow and pink set alongside the glossy green foliage. The lovely flowers are borne all summer long and have a pleasant, light perfume. A winner of 6 various gold medal awards. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a large pot. Grows as wide as it does tall reaching around 3ft. Hardy and easily grown.
 
Rosa 'Buff Beauty' (AGM-H6) (Shrub) 
A beautiful and popular shrub rose with large clusters of lovely buff yellow blooms alongside attractive purple tinted foliage. The sweetly scented summer flowers withstand all weathers and hold their form and colour well. Can still be in flower well into autumn. Tolerates part shade but best in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a large pot. Grows to a height of around 3 to 4ft. Tough and reliable rose with an excellent health record.
 
Rosa 'Champagne Moment' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda)
A stunning Floribunda with glossy foliage and from early summer through into autumn many clusters of pinky buds opening to pleasantly scented, creamy white flowers with an apricot centre. Good disease resistance. Named as 'Rose of the Year 2006' and holder of the rose growers 'Gold Standard Award'. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a large pot. Reaches a height and spread between 0.6 and 0.9m. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Chinatown' (AGM-H7) (Floribunda/Shrub)
A strong and vigorous rose with long, strong stems clothed in luxuriant, mid green foliage and during summer and into autumn big clusters of large, yellow blooms that are edged with pink.A very fragrant rose with a heavy peach scent with continuous blooms both single flowers and clusters. Royal National Rose Society Gold Medal winner. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil. Approx height and spread of 3 to 4ft. Hardy and easily grown.
 
Rosa 'For Your Eyes Only' (Floribunda)
A distinctive new Floribunda with healthy foliage which will bloom continuously throughout the summer, especially if deadheaded regularly. Its lightly scented flowers are a delicious blend of rich sunset shades including pink, peach and apricot. Awarded 'Rose of the Year 2015' amongst many other awards. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but 
also does well in a large pot. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 0.9m. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Frühlingsmorgen' (AGM-H7) (Shrub) 
A larger shrub rose producing a flush of single, rose-pink flowers with a yellow centre and purplish-maroon stamens. Not a repeat bloomer but the simple, single flowers are produced in quantity and are absolutely stunning during early summer. Light but pleasent fragrance. Best suited to a decent, well drained soil in full sun. Dislikes poor, dry or badly drained soils. Can reach a height of around 5ft with a slightly lesser spread of 3 to 4ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Hot Chocolate' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda)
A stunning new repeat flowering Floribunda with healthy foliage and a long flowering season between early summer through into autumn. The russet buds open to uniquely coloured smokey, chocolate brown blooms which have a very pleasent perfume. Dead heading will encourage even more flowers. Gold Standard Award Winner 2006. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a pot. Height and spread oaround 0.8m. Hardy. 
 
Rosa 'Iceberg' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda)  
A very popular rose with an abundance of semi double, well formed, white blooms, often with a yellow or pink tinge. The fragrant flowers are produced over a long period and for a white rose pretty resistant to rain damage. An excellent and healthy rose which should be included in any rose lover's garden. Voted the world's favourite rose in 1983 by the World Federation of Rose Societies. Full sun in any fertile, well drained soil. Height and spread 3 to 4ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Lucky' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda) 
A quality, repeat flowering Floribunda with healthy foliage and for a very long period between early summer and through into autumn masses of pretty, lilac pink, scented blooms borne in wave like clusters. Named as 'Rose of the Year 2009' and a 'Gold Standard Award' winner 2008. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a pot. Dead heading will help promote even more flowers. Height and spread around 3ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Queen Mother' (AGM-H6) (Patio)
This extremely free flowering little rose has masses of soft pink, semi double blooms in clusters throughout summer and into autumn, alongside dark green, glossy foliage. Produces so many flowers that it is best to dead head as often as possible to promote blooming. A healthy little rose which will thrive in a container or the garden given a sunny spot in any decent, moist but well drained soil. A nicely shaped plant reaching no more than 2ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Roseraie de l'Hay' (AGM-H7) (Rugosa) 
The long pointed, scrolled buds of 'Roseraie de L'Hay' open to deep crimson blooms with cream coloured stamens and age to a magenta pink. The semi double flowers can be 5 inches across with loosely arranged, folded petals and carry a strong scent of sugared almonds. Like most rugosa roses it is extremely tough with good vigour and disease resistance. Best in a sunny spot but will tolerate shade and poorer soils. Height varies but generally around 5ft.
 
Rosa 'Shine On' (AGM-H6) (Patio) 
A stunning little patio rose producing masses of bright, shapely, weatherproof blooms of orange-coral over glossy, dark green foliage throughout summer and into autumn. Best to dead head as often as possible to promote blooming. A healthy little rose which will thrive in a container or the garden given a sunny spot in any decent, moist but well drained soil. Considered as one of the best patio roses available. Height and spread around 2ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Super Trouper' (AGM-H6) (Floribunda) 
A strong, bushy, repeat flowering Floribunda with healthy foliage and for a very long period between early summer, through into autumn, pale yellow buds opening to stunning, coppery orange blooms. Named as 'Novelty Rose of the Year 2010' and a 'Gold Standard Award' winner in 2009. Best in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a pot. Dead heading will help promote even more flowers. Height and spread around 3ft. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Sunny Sky' (Hybrid Tea) 
A new and distinctive repeat flowering rose with attractive glossy foliage and throughout the season honey-yellow buds opening to large, soft yellow flowers with a slight fruity fragrance. Voted as 'ROSE OF THE YEAR 2016'. Best positioned in full sun in any fertile, well drained soil but also does well in a large pot. Good disease resistance. Grows as wide as it does tall 
reaching around 3ft. Good reapeat flowering but dead heading will help. Hardy and easily grown.
 
Rosa 'Sweet Dream' (AGM-H6) (Patio) 
A very striking patio rose producing well formed blooms of soft peachy apricot borne both singly and in small clusters throughout summer and into autumn. Awarded Rose of the year 1988. Best to dead head as often as possible to promote blooming. A healthy little rose with dense, glossy foliage which will thrive in a container or the garden given a sunny spot in any decent, moist but well drained soil. Makes a compact bush around 2ft in height. Hardy.
 
Rosa 'Well Being' (Shrub) 
A lovely shrub rose healthy, copper young foliage which matures to dark, glossy green and from summer through into autumn repeat clusters of strongly fragrant, cupped, double, yellow to yellow-orange flowers with pink-tipped outer petals. Very good aromatic fragrance which has won international awards. Best suited to a decent, well drained soil in full sun. Dislikes poor, dry or badly drained soils. Reaches a height and spread of around 4ft. Hardy.
 
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Gorizia'
A strong, upright growing rosemary with larger, darker flowers and superb foliage with the leaves being double the size of more ordinary varieties. Has a milder taste than most and mildew resistant. In order to grow succesfully it must be planted in a sharply drained spot, in a poor soil, in full sun, perferably adjacent to brickwork or grown in a large pot and protected over winter. Reaches a height of approx 1.5m with a slightly lesser spread.
 
Rostrinucula dependens 
A rare plant that may not win a beauty contest for most of the year but is well in the running for most unusual. Obscure until late summer, when the long pendent flower racemes emerge from the branch tips creating a cascading waterfall effect. The tiny pink flowers open each day as the floral display travels slowly down the long flower spike. A truly great WHATZAT plant! A hardy herbaceous shrub for a sunny spot. Approx 1m in height/spread.
 
Rubus spectabilis 'Olympic Double'  
A very tough and versatile deciduous shrub grown for its spectacular, fully double, magenta rose coloured flowers during April and May. These flowers contrast well with the strong, bright green foliage. Likes a well drained soil in a sunny or partly shaded spot. Very easy to grow and once planted will naturally spread via suckers and form a large clump 2m high and 3m wide, but can also be grown in a large container if garden space is more limited. Hardy.

Salix fargesii 
A slow growing and unusual willow with lovely, dark green, glossy foliage and polished, mahogany coloured bark. Produces upright catkins during spring. Particularly attractive during autumn and winter when the shape and colour of the bare stems can be appreciated. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot in any moist, fertile soil. A slow grower that may need time to establish, eventually reaching a height and spread of between 1 and 2m. Very hardy.
 
Salix gracilistyla 'Melanostachys'
An eye-catching willow with spectacular red anthered, black catkins in late winter and early spring. These are very handsome and much sought after for use in flower arranging. Requires a sunny spot in a fertile, moist soil. Can reach a height and spread of 3m but if pruned back to 30 cm above the ground every two years, before coming into leaf, it will reduce the end size and encourage it to produce vigorous new stems with a superb display of catkins. Hardy.
 
Salix lanata (AGM-H4) 
A bushy, slow-growing, small deciduous shrub with rounded, silvery-woolly leaves to 6cm in length making it a very ornamental foliage plant. Produces golden yellow or grey-yellow catkins in late spring, depending on gender. Likes a sunny or partly shaded spot in any decent soil that holds summer moisture. Can reach a height and spread of approxiamately 1 to 2m although it can be easily trimmed back to restrict its size if necessary. A very hardy shrub.
 
Salix 'Mark Postill'  
A spreading, deciduous shrub of the Willow family with a compact nature. Produces charming, yellow green, female catkins over a long period in the spring, before the white, downy, new leaves are fully emerged. Can produce good foliage colours in the autumn. Likes a sunny spot in any decent, drained soil that can hold onto some moisture during summer. A slow grower reaching a height of between 0.5 and 1m with a slightly larger spread. Very hardy.
 
Sambucus nigra f. porphyrophylla 'Eva'
An attractive, deciduous shrub with dissected dark mahogany, almost purple, foliage and pale-pink flowers which emerge from creamy coloured buds in June. Produces red berries in autumn liked by birds. Left alone it can reach over 3m in height and spread but an annual prune in early spring will keep it in check, producing better coloured foliage. Will tolerate various conditions but best in a decent, well drained soil in a spot that gets some sun.
 
Sambucus nigra f. porphyrophylla 'Thundercloud'
A fairly new sport of "Black Elderberry" displaying luscious, shiny, burgundy-black finely cut foliage. Bears large clusters of rosy-pink blooms which emerge from showy red buds during early summer, followed by dark berries. Will tolerate various conditions but ideally suited to full sun in a rich, well drained soil. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 3m. Can be pruned back hard in late winter to restrict growth if necessary. Very hardy.
 
Sambucus racemosa 'Goldenlocks'
A rarely seen small elder with deeply cut, fine foliage. The new leaves are bright golden yellow, gradually maturing to greenish-yellow. Has a very similar overall appearence to that of a Japanese maple. Produces white flowers during late spring followed by scarlet red fruits in autumn. Will tolerate various conditions but best suited to a decent, moist but well drained soil in full sun or part shade. Height and spread of 1m. Does not require pruning. Hardy.
 
Sambucus racemosa 'Sutherland Gold' (AGM-H4) 
'Sutherland Gold' has attractive bright golden-yellow, pinnate leaves and small heads of creamy-white, spring flowers, followed by glossy red berries in summer. Probably the best form of the golden leaved elders. Will tolerate various conditions but best suited to a decent, well drained soil in part shade. Full sun can scorch the leaves, especially in dry periods. Can reach a height/spread of 4m but a hard spring prune will keep size in check.
 
Sarcococca confusa (AGM-H4)
A dense evergreen with glossy dark green leaves and tiny, highly fragrant, creamy white flowers which are borne in the leaf axils during winter, followed by glossy black berries. Although it will grow happily in full shade or even part sun if given a damp spot it is best suited to dappled shade, in a moist but well drained soil. Can reach a height of over 1.5m given time with a slightly lesser spread. An excellent shrub for year round interest. V hardy.
 
Sarcococca hookeriana (AGM-H4)
A dense evergreen with glossy dark green leaves and tiny, highly fragrant, white tinged pink flowers borne in the leaf axils during winter, followed by spherical black fruits. Although it will grow happily in full shade or even part sun if given a damp spot it is best suited to dappled shade, in a moist but well drained soil. Reaches a height of approx 1.5m with a slightly larger spread. A good all rounder with winter colour and scent. Hardy.

Sarcococca hookeriana var. digyna 
A very tidy, small, suckering evergreen shrub with green or purplish stems, narrowly lanceolate mid-green leaves and clusters of small, creamy-white, very fragrant flowers during winter. Black berries during spring and summer. Best in a decent, moist but well-drained humus-rich soil in shade. Full sun may be tolerated when planted in damp soil. Also tolerant of atmospheric 
pollution, dry shade and neglect. Height around 1m with a spread of 1.5m after time. Hardy.​​​​​​​


Schefflera taiwaniana x gracilis
A very rare and elegant evergreen generally forming a single stemmed shrub clad with dark green foliage held radially like the spokes of an umbrella. Small creamy flowers during summer followed by purple black fruit over winter. At its best in a moist, fertile soil that provides drainage in a sheltered, sunny or partly shaded spot. Avoid cold exposure. Height of 1 to 1.5m with a 1m spread. Hybrid between S.taiwaniana and S.gracilis. Hardy given suitable conditions.
 
Sinojackia xylocarpa
The 'Jacktree', an exceptionally rare, small, spreading deciduous tree or large shrub of the Styrax family native only to Jiangsu Province in China. Pendant, star-shaped, white flowers with yellow center stamens during spring alongside dark green, elliptic, short stalked leaves with toothed margins. Best in moderately fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Avoid limey soils. Can reach 5m in height and spread but after many years. Hardy. 
 
Sophora davidii 
A seldom seen, multi stemmed, shrubby Sophora with attractive pinnate foliage made up of blue-green leaflets and during late spring clusters of small, fragrant, pea-like, pale blue and white flowers. Best grown in a decent, moist but well drained soil in a warm spot that gets plenty of sun. Will tolerate part shade but flowering may be reduced. Height can vary depending on location but around the 1.5 to 2m mark with a similar spread. Hardy to -20C. 
 
Sophora 'Little Baby' 
A most unusual and interesting evergreen plant with branches that zig-zag in all directions carrying fantastic tiny leaves. I am yet to see the small, yellow spring flowers 'in the flesh' but I await with great expection. Hardier than it looks as it has survived and grown through lows of -10C in an unprotected tunnel but I cannot bring myself to subject it to winter outdoors! Needs some sun and decent drainage. Reaches between 1 and 2m in height/spread.
 
Sophora tetraptera (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
A small to medium sized evergreen tree with distinctive pinnate foliage and during late spring stunning clusters of long, golden yellow flowers. Best in a moderately fertile, free draining soil in a warm, sheltered, position against a south facing wall. Avoid spots subject to cold winds. Not bone hardy but should manage around -10C given the correct conditions. Naturally makes a medium sized tree but generally less in the U.K at around 4 to 6m. 
 
Sorbaria sorbifolia 'Sem'
A fantastic, hardy deciduous shrub for any garden. Very 'showy' in spring when the lemon green foliage emerges as bronze fern-like fronds. From early to mid summer mature plants carry white feathery flowers held above the foliage. Interesting colours in the autumn as the leaves drop, a real cracker. Avoid poor alkaline soils but other than that not too fussy in sun to part shade. Good for smaller gardens as it reaches only 1m in height and spread.
 
Spartium junceum (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
The bright green stems of the 'Spanish Broom' make a lovely, loose multi-branched shrub, handsome as a background plant and quite vivid when in flower. The summer blooms are large and brilliant yellow, with a strong sweet fragrance. Thrives in poor, well drained soils in exposed, sunny sites. Sheltered conditions can reult in leggy, poor growth. Quick growing it can reach a height and spread of 2.5m. Tough if protected from cold winter winds and wet.
 
Sphaeralcea 'Newleaze Coral'  - Not available 2017
Fast growing and showy, this is a great plant for filling in gaps quickly. A showy sub-shrub with attractive, grey green foliage on vertical stems, producing masses of coral coloured flowers all summer long. Not quite fully hardy, it should be planted in a sunny, sheltered spot in a well drained soil but fairly tough if protected from cold winter winds and wet. If prefered pot grow and keep fairly dry over winter. Height upto 1m with a 0.5m spread.
 
Spiraea 'Arguta' (AGM-H4)
A reliable, herbacious shrub with arching branches bearing fine pale green leaves. Fairly ordinary until spring when it is covered in a mass of small white flowers. Foliage can show some nice autumn colours. Suited to a sunny or partly shaded spot in most well drained soils. After a few years it may benefit from a prune after flowering, to remove old and overgrown wood and encourage fresh new growth. Hardy with a height/spread of approxiamately 2.5m.
 
Spiraea japonica 'Gold Mound'
A tidy, compact Spiraea producing lovely golden foliage, initially tinged red in early spring with pink blossom during summer. Best suited to a sunny spot in any soil, provided it has drainage. May tolerate a shadier spot but full sun produces better foliage colour. After a few years it may benefit from a prune after flowering, to remove old and overgrown wood and encourage fresh growth. A reliable, hardy plant with a height/spread of approx 0.75m.
 
Spiraea japonica 'Firelight'  
An attractive, bushy, deciduous shrub with ovate leaves that open reddy bronze, changing to green in summer and reddish-purple in autumn. Small rosy-pink flowers open in clusters during summer. Easy to grow in a sunny or partly shaded spot in any moist soil. Tolerant of exposed positions. After a few years it may benefit from a prune after flowering, to remove old wood and encourage fresh new growth. Hardy with a height/spread of approxiamately 1m.
 
Spiraea nipponica 'Snowmound' (AGM-H4) 
This early flowering Spiraea produces lovely dark green foliage on arching branches and a profusion of white blossom in late spring to early summer. Performs best in a sunny spot in any soil, provided it has decent drainage. After a few years it is best to hard prune after flowering, to remove old and overgrown wood and encourage fresh growth. A reliable and hardy plant that can reach 2m in height and spread after many years, if left unchecked.
 
Stachyurus praecox (AGM-H4) 
A deciduous and uncommon shrub producing attractive catkin like, drooping racemes of pale yellow flowers during March, or even earlier if the previous winter was mild. On more mature plants the flowers are profuse and create a real eye catching display. Attractive, pale green leaves appear after the flowers have fallen and last until autumn. Requires a sunny or partly shaded position in a constantly moist but draining soil. Height/spread 2.5m. Hardy.

Stachyurus chinensis 'Celina'  (AGM-H4) 
A striking cultivar of a rare species producing very attractive, long, pendulous, racemes of soft-yellow flowers on bare branches during early spring followed by dark green leaves that turn handsome shades of pink, red or orange before falling in autumn. Wants a sheltered spot out of exposure and cold winds in any decent soil with some drainage. Seems to prefer some 
afternoon shade. Height and spread of 2m given a few years. Hardy given suitable conditions.
 
Staphylea holocarpa var. rosea
A rare and lovely plant with beautiful clusters of pale-pink flowers in spring alongside bronze young foliage. The pretty flowers can be produced in large numbers on older specimens and are generally followed by inflated, bladder-like capsules. Suited to a decent, moist but well drained soil in a spot that gets good sun. Forms a large shrub or very small tree with a height of around 5m and a spread of 4m. Hardy but appreciates shelter from cold winds. Top plant. 
 
Staphylea pinnata
'European bladdernut', a seldom seen deciduous shrub with attractive, pale green, pinnate foliage and during late spring very attractive, long, drooping panicles of white flowers. The blooms are folled by bladder-like, inflated fruit hence the name. Tolerates a wide range of  soils but prefers a moist, fertlile but well drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Can vary but generally forms a large shrub with a height of 3m and a spread of 2m. Hardy and unusual. 
 
Staphylea trifolia 
A seldom seen deciduous shrub known as the American 'Bladdernut'. Attractive, deep green, trifoliate leaves and during late spring drooping panicles of bell shaped, creamy white flowers followed by inflated, bladder-like, egg-shaped capsules during late summer. Tolerates a wide range of soils but prefers some moisture in part to full shade. Naturally found in moist 
woodlands. Size can vary but generally around 2 to 3m high with a spread of 1 to 2m. Hardy.  
 
Stewartia monadelpha
A really rare and very fine specimen tree or large shrub producing a sucession of beautiful, single, Camelia like, white flowers over several weeks in mid summer. Fresh green foliage turns shades of orange, red and yellow before falling in autumn. Attractive, flaking bark after a few years. Requires a neutral or acidic soil in a warm, sheltered spot. Tolerates full sun but best given some afternoon shade. Height around 6m with a 4m spread. Hardy given good siting.  
 
Stewartia pseudocamellia (AGM-H5)
A very special small tree producing superb white, camelia like flowers with yellow anthers in early summer. The dark green leaves turn glowing shades of orange or red before falling in autumn. Fabulous brown and grey bark on mature plants. Must have an acid or neutral soil and shelter from cold winds. Avoid hot afternoon sun. Bone hardy when dormant but susceptable to late frosts after the leaves have emerged. Height approx 10m, spread 8m after many yrs.
 
Stewartia rostrata - Not available 2017
A simply beautiful, rare shrub or small tree bearing single white flowers flushed pink with golden stamens in midsummer. The handsome foliage turn shades of fiery red in autumn. Attractive, flaking, red brown bark on the trunk and older branches after a few years. Requires a neutral or acidic soil in a spot that avoids hot afternoon sun. Hardy but flowering can be affected by late frosts. Height can vary but should be between 3 to 5m with a 3m spread after many yrs.
 
Styrax japonicus - Not be available 2017
Described by many as one of the most beautiful and elegant small trees or large shrubs that anyone could hope to encounter. Masses of fragrant, pendant, bell shaped white flowers with yellow stamens during summer with the foliage turning orange and yellow before falling in autumn. Easy to grow in moist, humus-rich, fertile soils in a sunny spot that is sheltered from cold drying winds. Height can reach over 5m with a 3m spread after many, many years. Hardy.
 
Styrax japonicus 'Pink Chimes' (AGM-H5) 
Described by many as one of the most beautiful and elegant small trees or large shrubs that anyone could hope to encounter. Masses of fragrant, pendant, bell shaped pale pink flowers with yellow stamens during summer with the foliage turning orange and yellow before falling. Easy to grow in moist, humus-rich, fertile soils in a sunny spot that is sheltered from cold 
drying winds. Height can reach over 5m with a 3m spread after many, many years. Hardy.
 
Syringa komarowii subsp. reflexa
The rarely seen 'Nodding Lilac' is a vigorous, upright, deciduous shrub with elliptic to oblong, handsome, dark green foliage and slender, nodding panicles of highly fragrant, purple-pink flowers in late spring and early summer. Suited to any decent, well drained soil in full sun or light shade. Foliage will be less glossy if given any shade. A large shrub reaching a height and spread of 3 to 4m. Can be pruned if necessary straight after the flowers have faded. Hardy.
 
Syringa x laciniata
A very unusual Lilac with lovely, finely textured, dark green foliage, hence its' common name 'Cut Leaf Lilac'. Produces fragrant, pale lilac flower clusters during late spring which look superb against the foliage. Suited to any decent, well drained soil in full sun or light shade. A slow grower making a compact shape approxiamately 1.5m high and wide after several years. Should be no need to prune. A cross between S. protolaciniata and S. vulgaris Hardy.
 
Syringa meyeri 'Palibin' (AGM-H4)  
A bushy, slow-growing deciduous shrub with small, ovate, dark green leaves and upright panicles of small lilac-pink flowers which look superb against the foliage. The early summer flowers are also scented. Easily grown in any decent well drained soil in a sunny position. Makes a dense rounded shape approxiamately 1.5m high and wide making it suitable for the smaller garden. No need to prune but removing spent flower heads will keep it tidy. V.hardy.
 
Syringa pubescens subsp. patula 'Miss Kim' (AGM-H4)
A beautiful, deciduous lilac producing stunning, large purple flowers which gradually fade to a bluish white. The showy spring flowers are also highly scented. Needs a sunny position in a decent, well drained soil, although best to avoid very acidic spots. Makes a dense rounded shape approxiamately 1.5m high and wide making it very suitable for the smaller garden. No need to prune but removing spent flower heads will keep a tidy appearence. Very hardy.
 
Syringa vulgaris 'Madame Lemoine' (AGM-H4)
A gorgeous, bushy, medium-sized deciduous shrub with superb, green, heart-shaped leaves and during spring and summer compact trusses of fragrant, double, white flowers open from yellowish buds. Needs a sunny position in any decent, well drained soil, although best to avoid  very acidic spots. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 3m. Tolerates and benefits from a hard spring prune to stimulate strong new growth and limit size if required. Hardy.
 
Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade' 
A large, vigorous, deciduous shrub or small tree with small, narrow, dark green leaves and in late summer and early autumn its slender branches are clothed with feathery plumes of tiny deep pink flowers. A hardy plant often used as coastal wind breaks due its tolerance of strong south west winds but not cold winds. Needs moisture but also good drainage in full sun. Can reach a height/spread of 4m but a hard winter prune will keep size in check.
 
Tetrapanax papyrifer (AGM-H2/3) 
Stunning and top of my list for the exotic and architectural, producing huge palmate leaves from a central trunk. Hardiness provokes debate but I have never lost a plant entirely, finding that the main trunk is lost but replaced by new shoots in spring, making it pretty root hardy. As a result of this it may produce several suckers which can spread and need control. Best in a sunny, moist spot out of wind. Upto 2m in height if cut down by cold. 
 
Tetrapanax papyrifer 'Di-Sue-Shan' (BWJ12488) - Not available 2017
Originally from a seed collection in Northern Taiwan this cracking tetrapanax has larger, glossy palmate leaves and a more upright habit. Forms a small tree in the wild but in a cooler climate it is usually herbacious, reaching approx 2m in a season. Pretty hardy but a good mulch will help protect the root system. Best in a sunny, moist spot out of the wind in a rich, moist soil with good drainage. A very rare plant with a superb and exotic appearance.
 
Tetrapanax papyrifer 'Rex'   
Stunning version of papyrifer with glossy, deeply indented palmate leaves appearing from a central trunk. Hardiness provokes debate but I have never lost a plant entirely, finding that the main trunk is lost but replaced by new shoots in spring, making it pretty root hardy. As a result of this it may produce several suckers which can spread and need control. Best in a sunny, moist spot out of wind. Upto 2m in height if cut down by cold. A superb exotic.  
 
Tetrapanax foliage
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Tetrapanax papyrifer viewed from below looking up through the canopy.
 
Toona sinensis 'Flamingo' 
A broadly columnar, deciduous large shrub or eventually small tree with peeling bark, aromatic, pinnate, papery leaves that are a stunning bright pink when young, turning creamy yellow then bright green at maturity. Pendent panicles of small, fragrant, cup-shaped, white or greenish white flowers bloom in summer. Likes a fertile, well drained soil in a position that gets plenty of sun. Slow to establish but can reach over 10m, suckering to form a clump 4m wide. Hardy.
 
Trachycarpus fortunei (AGM-H4)
A very special plant that can carry the label 'hardy exotic'. Out of the wind with mid day shade this palm will reward with stunning fan shaped leaves. Small yellow flowers are produced in early summer once the plant attains about 2m. Trachycarpus will survive in almost any soil except continuously soggy conditions. An annual dressing of John Innes no.2 will provide a boost. Established plants can grow upto 30cm a year reaching several metres. 
 
Ugni molinae - Not available 2017
An evergreen shrub with small, glossy, dark green leaves and fragrant pale pink flowers in late spring. The subsequent round, dark red berries are most attractive, smell lovely and can be eaten in the autumn when ripe. Reputedly Queen Victoria's favourite fruit. Requires a sunny, sheltered position out of cold winds, in a decent well drained soil. Frost hardy to approx -5C. Can be pot grown and protected. Height/spread of 1.5m, less if grown in a pot.
 
Ulmus × hollandica 'Jacqueline Hillier' 
A beautiful dwarf elm creating a dense, spreading shrub with small, dainty, finely toothed green leaves. Although popular with bonsai enthusiasts this elm is best left alone in the garden to create a focal point and do it's own thing. Loves a sunny, well drained spot although leaf scorch may be a problem in dry periods or positions. Can reach a height and spread of 3m but after many years. A bone hardy shrub that is unaffected by elm disease. 

Viburnum awabuki BSWJ8404
A wonderful and very rare evergreen Viburnum with a more fastigiate habit, bearing striking dark green highly polished oblong leaves. Large panicles of scented flowers during the summer which can produce masses of red fruit. Best grown in exposure (naturally a sea shore dweller) in full sun to part shade in a drained fertile soil, with shelter from freezing winds. Can reach 
several metres in height with a spread of 2 to 3m. Robust, reliably evergreen and hardy.
 
Viburnum 'Blue Muffin'
A new cultivar of the 'Arrowwood' Viburnum forming a deciduous, compact shrub with ovate, dark green foliage and during late spring clusters of flat topped white flowers followed by lovely blue berries in late summer. Foliage turns shades of orange through to burgandy before falling in autumn. Tolerates a wide range of soils but best in a decent, moist but well drained site in full sun to part shade. Compact reaching a height and spread of around 1.2m. Hardy.

 
Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' (AGM-H6)
There are few outdoor plants that flower from autumn through to spring and hardly any that match 'Dawn'. This beautiful, hardy hybrid, is a deciduous shrub with burnished bronze foliage in autumn and exquisitely fragrant, dark pink flowers from late autumn into early spring. It earns its place in any garden, as it flowers freely all winter. Likes a fertile, moist soil in sun/part shade. A strong-growing shrub with an approx height/spread of 2.5m
 
Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Anne Russell' (AGM-H6)
'Anne Russell' is a bushy, evergreen shrub with lustrous, broad, glossy green leaves. In spring pink buds open to extremely fragrant, tubular white flowers. Requires a decent soil that doesn't get overly wet. Will grow in either sun or shade but probably best in a spot that avoids hot afternoon sun. A cross between V.utile and V.carlesii. Reaches a height and spread of approx 1.5m. A hardy and stunning shrub which is very deserving of its' AGM.
 
Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Mohawk'  
'Mohawk' is a semi-evergreen shrub with striking glossy green leaves. In spring, it has dense clusters of heavenly scented white flowers that open from red buds. In autumn the leaves turn orange and red along with red berries which gradually ripen to black. Requires a decent soil that doesn't get overly wet in either sun or shade. A cross between V.utile and V.carlesii. Reaches a height and spread of approx 2m. A hardy all round performer.
 
Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Park Farm Hybrid' (AGM-H6) 
A superb and vigorous burkwoodii cultivar forming a semi-evergreen shrub with striking, oval glossy green leaves and during spring rounded heads of deep pink buds open to sweetly fragrant white flowers, followed by red, later black fruit. Requires a decent soil that does not get overly wet in full sun or part shade. Worth finding a spot where the spring scent can be appreciated. Reaches a height and spread of between 2 and 2.5m. A hardy performer.
 
Viburnum carlesii 'Aurora' (AGM-H6)
A superb deciduous with dark green foliage and during spring lovely clusters of red buds which open into deliciously fragrant, pinkish-white flowers. Foliage turns lovely shades of plum purple to deep red before falling. It is well worth planting this near an often used area of the garden where the fragrant flowers can be best appreciated. Easy to grow in a spot that gets plenty of sun in any fertile soil. Height and spread of around 2m. Hardy.
 
Viburnum cinnamomifolium (AGM-H3) - Not available for 2016
An impressive, large, rounded open evergreen shrub with dark green veined, leathery leaves to 15cm long. In summer it produces clusters of white tubular flowers up to 15cm across, followed by oval, glossy black fruits. Requires a warm, sunny or partly shaded site in a well drained soil. Not 'bone' hardy so avoid cold areas, especially exposed easterly positions. Can reach a height and spread of 4m but after many years. A superb evergreen.
 
Viburnum davidii (AGM-H4)  
A hardy, attractive evergreen with superb veined dark green leaves. Typically forms a low, dense, shapely, shrub giving good ground cover. Looks good in groups where pollination of the flowers will produce metallic blue fuits in autumn/winter. Best sited in half shade but will tolerate full sun through to deep shade, in most soils that do not waterlog. Generally reaches 0.6m in height but sometimes more as there is variation in the species, 1m spread.
 
Viburnum 'Le Bois Marquis'
A superb new semi-evergreen Viburnum with an upright and compact habit. The fresh spring foliage is tinted bronze, gradually turning to fresh green during summer before showing superb shades of red in autumn. Lovely, scented white flowers during summer followed by brilliant red fruits. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. A hardy plant reaching 2.5m in height with a 1.5m spread but can be easily pruned to restrict if req'd.
 
Viburnum nudum 'Pink Beauty'
A seldom seen cultivar with glossy, dark green foliage which turns intense shades of reddish purple before falling in autumn. Attractive panicles of pink flowers in summer followed by blue black, persistant berries in the autumn. Not overly fussy about soil as long as it can find some moisture in a sunny or partly shaded position. A fairly upright Viburnum reaching a height of around 1.5m with a slightly lesser spread. An easy, colourful and very hardy shrub.
 
Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (AGM-H6)
A particularly attractive Viburnum often referred to as the 'Snowball Tree'. A large, bushy, deciduous shrub with lobed leaves turning reddish in autumn before falling. Creamy-white sterile flowers in dense rounded clusters during late spring and early summer. Suited to most decent, well drained soils in sun or light shade. Reaches an approx height and spread of 3 to 4m. Suitable for a light or hard prune directly after the flowers have faded. Very hardy.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Kilimanjaro' 
A fairly new and very handsome introduction forming a striking, upright, pyramidal shaped shrub and during late spring and early summer flat clusters of pure white flowers followed by masses of bright pinkish red berries during autumn. Foliage turns tones of reddish purple before falling in autumn. Likes a decent, well drained soil in a spot that gets some good sun. Dislikes poor drainage. Can reach 2 to 3m in height but only 1m wide. A hardy specimen shrub.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Mariesii' (AGM-H4)
‘Mariesii' is a large deciduous shrub with wide-spreading, tiered branches and prominently veined, dark green, ovate leaves, turning purple in autumn before falling. Large lacecap heads of stunning white flowers in late spring are occasionally followed by red, later black fruit. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Dislikes poor drainage. A hardy plant reaching a height and spread of 3.0m to 4m after several years.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Molly Schroeder' - Not available 2017
A very rare and outstanding pink flowering form with complementing horizontally tiered branches of dark green leaves. The spring flowers consist of outer pink and inner fertile flowers, which are green in bud, open to pink, then turn white. An excellent re-bloomer with a long lasting display. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Dislikes poor drainage. A hardy plant reaching 2.0m in height with a 1.5m spread.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Nanum Semperflorens'
A most splendid, compact, deciduous shrub with ovate, deeply veined, dark green leaves and clusters of creamy-white, lacecap type flowers from spring all the way into autumn. Foliage turns tones of reddy purple before falling in autumn. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or light partial shade. Dislikes poor drainage. A slow growing plicatum reaching a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. A hardy and most impressive shrub.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum ‘Newport’ - Not available 2017
 'Newport' is a superb deciduous shrub with striking dark green, ovate leaves which turn shades of purple in autumn before falling. Large rounded heads of stunning white flowers in late spring are occasionally followed by red, later black fruit. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Dislikes poor drainage. A hardy plant which forms a dense, compact mound with a height and spread of approx 1.0m after several years.
 
Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Pink Beauty'(AGM-H5)
A spreading, medium-sized deciduous shrub with ovate, attractively veined leaves turning purplish in autumn, and during late spring, flat, lacecap heads of creamy-white flowers ageing to a lovely pink, sometimes followed by red, later black, berries. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. Not a fan of wet soils with poor drainage. A hardy plant reaching a height and spread of 2m to 3m. Prune after flowering if necessary.​​​​​​​

 
Viburnum sargentii 'Onondaga' (AGM-H4)
A cracking deciduous upright shrub, with dark purple/bronze foliage that turns dark green through the year, then red/purple in the autumn. The flower is dark red as a bud, but opens to a pinky/white in late spring, followed by bright red fruit in the autumn. Likes a drained but moist, moderately fertile soil in full sun or part shade. A very hardy plant that can reach 2.5m in height with a 1.5m spread but can be easily pruned to restrict size.
 
Viburnum tinus 'Eve Price' (AGM-H4) - Not available 2017
A lovely cultivar of V.tinus with dark-green, ovate leaves. A versatile evergreen shrub with dense clusters of white flowers that open from pink buds during late winter, followed by metallic blue berries in autumn. Not overly fussy but prefers a soil with some organic matter and a bit of moisture in sun to half shade. Will grow to approxiamately 2.5m in height and spread after several years but easily pruned if necessary. A very rewarding, hardy evergreen.
 
Viburnum tinus 'Purpureum' - Not available 2017
'Purpureum' is a lovely mid-sized evergreen hardy shrub with dark-green, ovate leaves that are purple when young. In late winter, it has dense clusters of white flowers that open from pink buds, followed by blue-black berries. Not overly fussy but prefers a soil with some organic matter and moisture in sun to half shade. Copes well in exposed South West positions. A very useful shrub that will reach a height and spread of approxiamately 3m. Hardy.

Viburnum tinus 'Spirit'  
A dense, rounded, bushy, evergreen shrub with ovate, glossy, dark green leaves and from winter into spring, flattened clusters of dark pink buds opening to attractive white flowers which are followed by blue-black fruit. Not overly fussy but prefers a soil with some organic matter and a bit of moisture in sun to half shade. Generally reaches around 2m in height and spread but easily controlled by pruning straight after flowering if necessary. Hardy.​​​​​​​
 
Vitex agnus-castus
An unusual, deciduous shrub native to parts of Europe, particularly the Mediterranean region, with aromatic green leaves and fragrant, slender, violet flower panicles in late summer or early autumn. The flower spikes are a little similar in appearance to those of Buddleja and popular with insects. A tasteful, late flowering shrub for a well drained fertile soil in a sunny position. Pretty tough if given the correct conditions. Height/spread of approx 2.5m.
 
Weigela 'Briant Rubidor' 
This variety has golden foliage and purple-red flowers on reddish young stalks. This is a striking combination but it may not be to everyone's taste. The brightness of the gold varies considerably and some shrubs have settled to bright green shades by the time the flowers arrive. The flowers are particularly fulsome and the overall contribution is a strong one. Suited to a moist but well drained soil in full sun or part shade. Height/spread 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Weigela florida 'Wine and Roses'
An extremely eye-catching shrub with dark burgundy-purple, nearly black leaves and masses of bright pink flowers in late spring or early summer which stand out beautifully against the dark foliage. For best foliage colour and flowers plant in a sunny position in a well drained fertile soil, although it will grow happily in a shadier spot but the leaves tend to loose their colour and turn greenish-purple. Reaches an approxiamate height and spread of 1.5m. Hardy.
 
Weigela japonica 'Dart's Colourdream' 
An attractive, deciduous shrub with mid green leaves and during summer clusters of tubular flowers which gradually change colour from red to white, creating a very pleasing two tone effect. Not a fussy plant requiring a sunny or lightly shaded spot in most soils. Height can vary but generally reaches around 2m with a slightly lesser spread. To keep a compact shape it is best to prune out all flowering stems immediately after the flowers have faded. Hardy.
 
Weigela middendorffiana 
A bushy, deciduous shrub with attractive dark green foliage, and lovely bell-shaped, creamy yellow fragrant flowers with dark orange markings in late spring to early summer. Suited to a fertile, well drained soil in a spot that gets good light but avoids full afternoon sun. Reaches a height and spread of approxiamately 1m. Pretty tough but avoid positions that are exposed to cold North and easterly winds. An unusual and very ornamental small shrub.
 
Weigela 'Praecox Variegata' (AGM-H4)
An attractive, small, upright deciduous shrub with ovate, mid-green leaves broadly edged with creamy-white. Produces slightly fragrant, funnel-shaped rose-pink flowers with inner yellow blotching during late spring and summer. Easy to grow in sun or part shade in any soil that can hold some summer moisture but avoids excessive winter wet. Reaches a height and spread of between 1 and 1.5m. Pruning after flowering will create strong new growth. Hardy.
 
 
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